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The UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP) SADC SUB-Region. 02 Mar 2007. Brief. Main recommendations as contribution to IHP VII Provide details on priorities, actions & activities Fill gaps as per sub-regional needs

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International Hydrological Programme



02 Mar 2007

  • Main recommendations as contribution to IHP VII
  • Provide details on priorities, actions & activities
  • Fill gaps as per sub-regional needs
  • Propose Actions, activities/projects e.g. working groups an various areas
  • Nominate Rapporteur – to provide input to plennary
  • Reconvene at 15:00 & rapporteurs


Water GovernanceSocio-Economics


Ecohydrology&Environmental Sustainability


Water quality, Human Health& Food Security


Global Change, Watershed& Aquifers

IHP-VII: Water Dependencies:Systems under Stress and Societal Responses

Education,transfer of knowledge and capacity building

Cross Cutting Programmes


theme i focal areas
THEME I Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA I-1: Large-scale groundwater dependencies related to global change & quality deterioration. Coastal aquifers management & risk reduction. Also includindg Oil contamination into aquifer systems
    • Assessment quantity & quality
      • Understanding of GW intrusion processes in general
    • Data & information requirements – monitoring
      • Scoping as an activity
theme i focal areas1
THEME I Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA I-2: Hydrological extremes in different hydro-climatic zones (reference also should be made to small experimental basins and short term intense rainfall)
    • E.g. flash floods, delineation of flood plains, etc
    • Impact of extreme events
    • Response to hydrological extremes – flood/drought forecasting & management
    • Early warning systems
theme i focal areas2
THEME I Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA I-3: Global change and feedback mechanisms of hydrological processes in stressed environments (including Hydrology in megacities).
      • Assessment – utilise modelling, case studies, scenarios
      • Appropriate Planning
      • Mitigation processes & approaches
theme i focal areas3
THEME I Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA I-4: Changing global dynamics in aquatic environments: degrading ecosystems, especially those susceptible to sea level change, coastal sediment balance and pollutant accumulation.
      • Seen as cross cutting issue (freshwater vs marine environment)
      • Sediment issues to be taken elsewhere in Basin/watershed management
theme ii focal areas
THEME II Focal Areas


  • Accepted – note the process of harmonisation of policies in SADC sub-region
  • Setting up decision support systems at sub-regional level
  • Inclusion of private sector and civil society as part of stakeholder participation
  • IHP involvement within the sub-region in relation to existing SADC processes (support at sub-regional level)
  • Establish sustainable national committees
    • Activity – Get national governments buy-in support
theme iii focal areas
THEME III Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA III-1: Water as a landscape agent: erosive capacity, mobile solvent, habitat for aquatic biota - interdependencies and regulation in biogeochemical cycling.
    • Integrated catchment/basin management – including national and shared water courses
    • Sediment issues at basin level covered here
    • Monitoring, assessment & information sharing (Subregional state of water resources reporting)
    • Best practices and use of NEPAD review mechanism
theme iii focal areas1
THEME III Focal Areas

FOCAL AREA III-2: Complementing engineering solutions with ecological measures resulting in sustainable carrying capacity of ecosystems (should include reference to the improvement of knowledge on hydrological regime to support restoration of the environment.)

  • Improve knowledge of engineering solutions to include environmental flows. (e.g. complementary engineering solutions)
  • Transboundary aquifers & rivers to have operational rules for dam, groundwater and surface water mgt – Multidisciplinary approach
theme iii focal areas2
THEME III Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA III-3: Urbanisation pressures, sustainable cities
    • Water resources planning for mega cities (Key is water demand management)
    • Understanding of cities as ecosystems (changes and pressure – link to waste, sanitation, settlements planning, pollution)
theme iii focal areas3
THEME III Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA III-4: Risk based environmental management (under uncertainty), especially climate change threats to ecosystem functions.
    • Accept focal area III-4 as is but noting issues of diminishing of WR in the sub-region
    • Understanding implication of climate change within the sub-regional perspective
    • Implications for interbasin transfers
theme iii focal areas4
THEME III Focal Areas
  • FOCAL AREA A.III-5 Groundwater dependent ecosystems identification, inventory and assessment,
    • Supported as is – to ID or confirm specific activities/projects related to IHP
theme iv focal areas
THEME IV Focal Areas

Focal Area IV-1: Methodologies for safeguards against natural and water-borne biotic and abiotic pollutants

  • ID of all potential sources of pollution – monitoring and effective incentives & disincentives as part WR management
  • Research on appropriate water treatment technologies.
  • Sub-regional facility in relation to analysis and assessment of water quality (specific priority pollutants)
theme iv focal areas1
THEME IV Focal Areas
  • Focal Area IV-2: Access to safe water for human health
    • No further input - Accept
theme iv focal areas2
THEME IV Focal Areas

Focal Area IV- 3: “Access to water for food security”

  • Household food security
  • Assessment of current status with respect
    • Millennium Development Goals,
    • water use efficiency, micro scale water requirements
    • Availability of water vs. “virtual” water (economic vs social needs)
theme iv focal areas3
THEME IV Focal Areas
  • Focal Area IV-4: “Water resources in emergency situations”.
      • Address through existing disaster management processes in the sub-region
      • Water storage like managed aquifer recharge, consider underground storage noting potential pollution problems
      • Multipurpose use of water (hydropower?)
theme iv focal areas4
THEME IV Focal Areas
  • Focal Area IV-5; Methodologies to augment water resources availability
    • Reuse of water and harvesting (activity experimental)
guiding principles interventions
  • SADC Water policy such as
    • Regional strategic action plan
    • SADC protocol on shared water course
    • MDG’s &
    • WSSD (Jo’burg plan of action)
  • Working groups to be along existing SADC structures
  • Additional hydrologist to SADC to be formalised.
  • Note the need for UNESCO sub-regional centre of excellence that looks at the unique challenges in the sub-regional level.