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WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? . Scientific study of human life. Find casual relationships between human behaviour and experience. Theory that explains observations about behaviour. What makes people ‘tick’. The study of behaviour, mental processes and experience. Psychology compared with common sense

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what is psychology

WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?

Scientific study of human life

Find casual relationships between human behaviour and experience

Theory that explains observations about behaviour

What makes people ‘tick’

The study of behaviour, mental processes and experience

slide2
Psychology compared with common sense
  • studies behaviour systematically
  • produces evidence that can be tested, quantified, and analysed
  • attempts to be objective
  • not confined to everyday experience
  • builds on and draws from a body of knowledge
  • aims to predict with a measure of certainty
slide3

Cognitive

Physiological

Major Branches of Psychology

Social

Developmental

Individual Differences

(including psychopathology)

What do these deal with?

slide4
Approaches in Psychology

Psychodynamic

Freud, Jung, Klein

Behaviourist

Watson, Skinner, Thorndike

Humanistic

Rogers, Kelly

Cognitive

Gardner, Bruner, Beck

Evolutionary

Darwin…

slide5

The Psychology Tree

Life Stages

Hormones

Neuroanatomy

Loss & Change

Brain Structure

Developmental

Physiological

Child Development

Attitudes & prejudice

Moral, Social, Gender

Social

Language

Social influence

Learning & Problem Solving

Intelligence

Cognitive

Memory

Personality

Individual Differences

Attention

Perception

Abnormal Psychology

Animal Case Studies

Psychometrics

Comparative

Psychodynamic

Humanistic

Cognitive

Evolutionary

Neo-Behaviourist

Behaviourist

slide6

Applications of Psychology

Occupational

Clinical (includes counselling & psychotherapy )

Organisational

Educational

Forensic

slide7

How Do Psychologists Do Research?

Observations

Experiments

Interviews

Tests, Questionnaires & Surveys

……..or a combination of these

slide8

Quantitative or Qualitative ?

  • Quantitative Research
  • Produces evidence & results in numeric form
  • Results can be analysed and tested for statistical significance
  • Scope of research may have to be limited to allow this
  • Usually produces clear results, but these will not always take account of individual diversity
  • Results may not be reliable or properly understood & applied
  • Qualitative Research
  • Produces evidence in non-numerical forms, usually words (eg. diary studies)
  • Gives rich data that is detailed and can easily encompass diversity and individuality of experience
  • Can be quite flexible in scope
  • May not produce clear results
  • Sometimes subjective and “unscientific”