slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The 1970s were difficult times in America… The oil crisis The economy is weak

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

The 1970s were difficult times in America… The oil crisis The economy is weak - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on

The 1970s were difficult times in America… The oil crisis The economy is weak The outcome of the Vietnam War Marxist regimes in Nicaragua & El Salvador The Soviets invasion of Afghanistan. The Iranian Hostage Crisis & Carter’s failed rescue

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The 1970s were difficult times in America… The oil crisis The economy is weak' - wing-richards


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The 1970s were difficult times in America…

  • The oil crisis
  • The economy is weak
  • The outcome of the Vietnam War
  • Marxist regimes in Nicaragua & El Salvador
  • The Soviets invasion of Afghanistan.
  • The Iranian Hostage Crisis & Carter’s failed rescue
  • As a result of Carter’s policies the American military had low morale, low pay & outdated equipment …Key military personnel were not re-enlisting
the conservative tide

The Conservative Tide

Conservatism

Ronald Reagan & Bush H.W. Bush

1981-1989 1989-1993

ronald reagan
Ronald Reagan
  • Movie star…. President of the Screen Actors Guild
  • 1966: Elected Governor of CA
  • 1980: Elected President
  • 1981: Attempted assassination
  • 1984: Re-elected …Landslide victory
slide4
The Conservative Movement in The U.S...
  • Reduce the size of the Government
  • Reduce government spending
  • Reduce government regulations to stimulate business
  • Lower taxes
  • Strengthen the national defense
  • Promote family values & patriotic ideas
  • Supported by the New Right…
      • Pro- Life
      • School Prayer
      • Anti-Affirmative Action
      • Personal Responsibility
the 1980 election reagan vs carter
The 1980 Election: Reagan vs. Carter
  • The major campaign issues…
    • The Iranian Hostage crisis
    • The weak economy
1984 ronald reagan vs walter mondale
1984: Ronald Reagan vs. Walter Mondale
  • Reagan landslide
  • Geraldine Ferraro was Mondale’s VP… The first women on a major party’s Presidential ticket.
what was reaganomics
What was Reaganomics?
  • Commonly associated with “supply-side economics” or “trickle-down economics.”
  • The four pillars of Reagan's economic policy were…
  • Reduce the size of government
  • Reduce government spending
  • Reduce taxes
  • Reduce government regulation
  • Reduce inflation

Reagan’s First Inaugural address:

“Government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.”

Drastic cuts in social programs…

Welfare; Job-training; Medicaid; School lunches; & Student loans.

recession recovery the national debt
Recession, Recovery & the National Debt
  • Tax Cuts & consumer spending spark the economy
  • Stocks surged, unemployment declined& GNP went up 10%.
  • Major stock market crash in1987… The market rebounds
  • Federal spending still exceeded Federal revenue due to the tax cuts.

By 1984 the national debt doubles under Reagan

deregulation
Deregulation
  • Reagan cut back on the regulation of industry
  • Deregulation increased business competition & lower prices for consumers
  • Reagan cuts Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) funding…More mining, logging, oil & gas drilling… Potential environmental risk?
  • Deregulation of the Savings & Loan Banks
urban crisis in the 1980s
Urban Crisis in the 1980s...
  • High Unemployment
  • Homelessness
  • Crumbling Infrastructure
  • Lack of health services
  • Deteriorating Schools
  • Drugs (Crack)
  • A surge in gangs and gang violence
social issues of 1980 s
Social Issues of 1980’s…
  • AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
  • Drugs
  • The abortion issue: Roe v. Wade 1973…Over turn the Roe decision...Pro-life vs. Pro-choice
  • The War on Drugs… Nancy Reagan’s anti- drug campaign “Just Say no!” to drugs… “This is your brain on drugs.”
education 1980 s
Education 1980’s
  • A Federal Commission issued a report in 1983 called

A Nation at Risk

  • 23 million Americans can’t fill out a job application or follow an instruction manual
1983 the evil empire
1983: The “evil empire”….
  • In a speech Reagan refers to the USSR as the “evil empire”
  • Reagan sought to exceed the SU's military power.
  • Reagan predicted this would be “the final pages of the history of the S.U.”
  • Reagan angered Soviet leaders & escalated the Cold War.
cold war victory through strength

Reagan begins the largest peace build up of the military in history.

Cold war victory through strength…

Reagan begins a massive military build up to wear down the Soviets…

Revived the B-1 bomber program, (canceled by the Carter)

Deploys the Peacekeeper missile

NATO deploys the Pershing II missile in West Germany

Reagan expanded the U.S. military budget to a staggering 43% increase over the height of the Vietnam war.

1983 strategic defense initiative sdi aka star wars
1983: Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)… AKA: Star Wars
  • A plan to develop a space-based missile defense program that could defend a nuclear attack.
  • If successful, could destroy the Soviet ability to make a first strike.
  • An arms race... The Soviets wanted to keep pace with the US, but they couldn't afford to the game.
  • It was unrealistic?...Dependent on not yet developed space-based laser systems.
  • Reagan beat the Soviets economically... The cost of the arms race damages the Soviet economy... Soviet Communism will collapse.
1983 the grenada invasion
1983: The Grenada Invasion
  • Reagan sends 2,000 US Marines to overthrow a

Pro-Cuban government & rescue US citizens

  • 18 US soldiers were killed
1977 1979 nicaragua
1977-1979: Nicaragua
  • The Sandinistas (Communists) take control on Nicaragua ...This was the Contra War (1981-89)
  • This was a Cold War confrontation between the US & Soviets
  • Reagan viewed the Sandinistas as a regional threat
  • The US supported the “Contras” (Counter revolutionaries) with CIA training & weapons
  • The Congress banned aid to the Contras for two years
1985 iran contra scandal
1985: Iran-Contra Scandal
  • In 1985, 7 Americans were taken hostage in Lebanon by Pro- Iranian group
  • Reagan approved the sale of arms to Iran in exchange for the hostages release
  • National Security Council Aid Colonel Oliver North diverted millions in profits from the arms sale to the Anti- communist Contras fighting in Nicaragua

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nix_vj2DaqQ

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QikSorPak6M

1986 us bombing of libya
1986: US Bombing of Libya
  • In response to a 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing …3 dead, 220 wounded
  • Air-strikes against Libya
  • Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi was a sponsor of terrorist acts against the West.
background george h w bush
Background George H.W. Bush…
  • From a wealthy family with a history of public service
  • Attends elite private school & Yale University
  • Decorated Navy pilot in WW II
  • Government service…

-House of Representatives Texas

-Ambassador to UN

-Chair of RNC

-Liaison to China

-Director of CIA

-Reagan VP – 2 terms

election of 1988
Election of 1988
  • Good economy, no reason to change
  • Bush “Read my Lips: no new Taxes!”
  • Dedicate to “Traditional American values”

GHW Bush (R) vs. Michael Dukakis ( D)

slide24

Collapse of Communism

  • 1985 – Gorbachev became General Sec. of the USSR
  • The Glasnost period – “Openness”

-Allows criticism of government

-“Perestrokia” – Restructuring of The Soviet Economy

Mikhail Gorbachev

1989 collapse of communism
1989: Collapse of Communism
  • Czechoslovakia divided, Latvia, Estonia& Lithuania became independent
  • Hungary, Bulgaria& Romania transition from communism
  • Yugoslavia collapsed, igniting a brutal war among Muslims, Orthodox Serbs & Catholic Croats
1991 the break up of the ussr
1991: The Break-up of the USSR
  • 14 republics declare independence
  • Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) was established
1990 americans with disabilities act
1990: Americans with Disabilities Act

Protects those with disabilities from discrimination in public places. The act makes American society more accessible to disabled Americans.

1989 the panama invasion
1989: The Panama Invasion

President Bush sends 20K troops to overthrow & arrest General Manuel Noriega on charges of international drug-trafficking

Noriega is trafficking drugs, guns & laundering money.

1990 the persian gulf war
1990: The Persian Gulf War
  • Saddam Hussein/Iraq invades Kuwait
  • Saddam threatens Middle East stability …Oil
  • President Bush organized an international coalition & with the support of the UN launched Operation Desert Storm
  • Kuwait was liberated & Iraq was weakened
  • 137 Americans KIA…. 100K Iraqi KIA