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Constellations pg. 617-620. 1. # of stars? 2. Maps of sky Declination Right Ascension Earth’s spin 3. Constellations Define Names of key ones Asterisms. There are about 6000 named, visible stars in the sky. Astronomy: the oldest science !. Aristotelian view Has the earth and

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constellations pg 617 620
Constellations pg. 617-620

1. # of stars?

2. Maps of sky

Declination

Right Ascension

Earth’s spin

3. Constellations

Define

Names of key ones

Asterisms

astronomy the oldest science
Astronomy: the oldest science!

Aristotelian view

Has the earth and

sky on fixed spheres

  • The ancients imagined that the Earth was surrounded by a canopy of stars
the celestial sphere a globe of the sky
The Celestial Sphere:a globe of the sky!

An imaginary bubble that surrounds Earth onto which all the stars are positioned.

Like Earth, the Celestial sphere has a “North Pole”, a “South Pole”, and an equator.

to locate a place on the surface of the earth we use coordinates what is the location of chicago
To locate a place on the surface of the earth we use coordinates.What is the location of Chicago?

Shuffle the deck and have sum fun

slide6
Stars, constellations, planets, can be found using the coordinates of declination and right ascension on the celestial sphere.

Locate Cygnus the Swan (looks like a cross)

slide7
DEC (declination)

DEC is measured from the celestial equator in degrees (similar to __________).

Measurement to the

NORTH is positive. The celestial North Pole is at +90 degrees DEC.

Measurement to the

South is negative.

The South Celestial Pole is

at _______degrees DEC

slide8
RA(right ascension) is similar to _______ is measured in hours, minutes, and seconds, as if we were measuring time instead of position!

0-24 hrs

RA reads to the EAST.

Astronomers decided to begin RA at the point where the path of the ecliptic crosses the celestial equator: the first day of SPRING.

(vernal equinox)

slide9
We see a “flat” image of the stars in the constellations, but the stars are actually located at varying distances from earth.
is the celestial sphere tipped over1
Is the Celestial sphere tipped over?

It is actually Earth that is at an angle (tipped over at an angle of 23.5°

Ecliptic: the path of the sunthrough the sky

why did the north star change precession
Why did the North Star Change? Precession
  • The Earth is not a perfect circle so it does not have a perfect rotational spin. It “wobbles” like a top.
  • So, Polaris has not always been the “North” Star.
celestial portraits
Celestial Portraits
  • Human brains naturally create patterns.
  • What do you see when you look at the clouds?
  • The ancients did the same when they looked up at the sky.
constellations
Constellations
  • A name given to a group of stars
  • 88 in all
  • What do you notice about the constellations that follow?

http://www.videojug.com/film/what-is-a-constellation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXeEAQtC75g

zodiac constellations
Zodiac Constellations

The 12 constellations that move through during the year.

corona borealis
Corona Borealis

The Northern Crown

ursa minor little dipper
Ursa Minor: Little Dipper

The last star in the handle of the Little Dipper is the North Star: Polaris: The North Star

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N93WV61ETo8

the big bear
The Big Bear

Can you find the stars of the Big Dipper in the constellation?

asterisms
Asterisms
  • A named group of stars that are part of a larger constellation
  • Example
    • The Big Dipper is part of

the larger constellation

Ursa Major

you probably noticed constellations tell a story
You probably noticed Constellations Tell a story
  • Orion was a mythical hero and hunter, and in his amorous pursuit of the Pleiades (the 7 daughters of the giant Atlas), the Gods placed them in the sky. And Orion chases after them in the sky for all eternity.
your turn
Your Turn!
  • Look for a pattern, picture, figure, of an object, person, by connecting the stars.
  • Outline the figure.
  • Name the constellation
  • Create a mythological story to go with your constellation
constellations pg 714
Constellations pg. 714
  • 88 constellations in all
  • We still use 48 of the ancient ones and have added 40 new ones
  • 28 are in the northern sky, 48 are in the southern,
  • 12 are the zodiac constellations
  • In the Northern Hemisphere their named for mythology
  • In the Southern Hemisphere they have modern names
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