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The Progressives and Their Networks. ( Getting by with a Little Help from Your Friends). Who were the Progressives?. Age : Born between 1860 and 1880 Class: Middle-class origins Hard work Self-Discipline Individual Ethic Education Race: Mostly White. Why dissatisfied?.

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the progressives and their networks

The Progressives and Their Networks

(Getting by with a Little Help from Your Friends)

who were the progressives
Who were the Progressives?
  • Age: Born between 1860 and 1880
  • Class: Middle-class origins
        • Hard work
        • Self-Discipline
        • Individual Ethic
        • Education
  • Race: Mostly White
why dissatisfied
Why dissatisfied?
  • Series of economic panics 1870-1890
  • Labor unrest
  • Flood of immigrants
  • Changes from industrialization, new technologies
what s the solution
What’s the solution?
  • “Association”
  • “Social Solidarity”
  • Activist Government
early residents
Early Residents
  • Julia Lathrop (1858-1932)—Moves to Hull House in 1890.
  • Mary Kenney (1864-1943)—Moves to Hull House circa 1890.
  • Florence Kelley (1859-1932)—Moves to Hull House in 1891.
julia lathrop1
Julia Lathrop
  • 1893: Charities investigator
  • Pioneer in “applied sociology”
  • Chicago School
  • Immigrants’ Protective League
  • 1912: First head of federal Children’s Bureau
  • Other issues: suffrage
florence kelley1
Florence Kelley
  • Investigated sweatshop conditions; report led to new IL laws
  • 1893: Appointed chief factory inspector
  • 1899: Head of National Consumers’ League; moves into Henry Street Settlement in New York City
  • 1912: Work on child labor instrumental in creation of Children’s Bureau
  • Other issues: suffrage, NAACP
mary kenney
Mary Kenney
  • Unusual background
  • 1892: first salaried organizer for AFL
  • Worked with Kelley on labor issues
  • Influential in founding of WTUL; suffragist
later residents
Later Residents
  • Alice Hamilton (1869-1970)– Hull House 1897
  • Mary McDowell (1854-1936)- Hull House 1890s
  • Sophonisba Breckinridge (1866-1948)—Hull House 1907
alice hamilton
Alice Hamilton
  • 1893: MD from U Michigan
  • 1897: Professor at Northwestern; Hull House
  • Expert on industrial poisons
  • 1919: first woman on Harvard Medical School faculty
mary mcdowell
Mary McDowell
  • 1854-1936
  • Founded settlement house by stockyards with JA help
  • Co-founder WTUL
  • Woman suffrage
  • Women’s Peace Party
sophonisba breckinridge
Sophonisba Breckinridge
  • First woman to receive Ph.D. in political science (U Chicago) in 1901
  • WTUL drew to Hull House
  • Succeeded Lathrop as head of Chicago School research department
  • Founded Immigrants’ Protective League with Lathrop
  • NAWSA leader
  • Women’s Peace Party

1866-1948

edith abbott
Edith Abbott
  • 1876-1957
  • U Chicago Ph.D. 1905
  • Hull House resident 1908-1920
  • Pioneering social research on working women and juvenile delinquency
grace abbott
Grace Abbott
  • 1878-1939
  • Master’s, Political Science,
  • U Chicago 1909
  • Hull House, 1908-1920(?)
  • 1908: Immigrants’ Protective League
  • 1910-1917: Chicago School of Civics
  • 1917: Children’s Bureau
univ chicago allies
Univ. Chicago Allies

W. I. Thomas (1983-1947)

John Dewey (1859-1952)

new york city allies
New York City Allies

Lillian Wald, pioneer in public health nursing (1867-1940)

new york city allies1
New York City Allies

1908, New York City

Lavinia Dock (1858-1956)

networks emerge
Networks Emerge
  • Organizations:
  • Chicago School/U Chicago
  • NY School of Philanthropy
  • Other settlement houses in Chic and NYC
  • Immigrants’ Protective League
  • WTUL (1903)
  • Children’s Bureau (1912)
  • NAWSA /NWP
  • Issues:
  • Immigrant abuse
  • Women’s work hours
  • Child labor/welfare
  • Public health
  • Woman suffrage
  • Peace

Hull House

slide31
DuBois and Hull House
  • Visitor, 1903-1918
  • Correspondence with Addams, Kelley, Lathrop
  • Joint publications in journals
call for civil rights
Call for Civil Rights
  • “The Call” February 1909 signed by:
  • Jane Addams
  • John Dewey
  • W.E.B. DuBois
  • Florence Kelley
  • Mary McDowell
  • W.I. Thomas
  • William English Walling
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett among 60 total
naacp founded 1909
NAACP founded 1909

Walling

Wells-Barnett

Ovington

nawsa roles
NAWSA Roles
  • Vice-Presidents of NAWSA include:
  • Jane Addams
  • Florence Kelley
  • Sophonisba Breckinridge
  • Madeleine McDowell Breckinridge
  • Active Members/Supporters:
  • Mary Kenney O’Sullivan
  • Mary White Ovington
  • W. E. B. DuBois
  • Oswald Garrison Villard
  • Mary Church Terrell

Madeleine McDowell Breckinridge

suffrage networking
Suffrage Networking

Suffrage Parade, NYC, 1912

suffrage networking1
Suffrage Networking

NAWSA Convention circa 1917

making the connection
Making the Connection

Alice Paul with NAWSA members

Alice Paul (1885-1977) in 1913

national woman s party
National Woman’s Party

1913 NAWSA Parade

national woman s party1
National Woman’s Party

1917: Picketing/Arrests/Jail

response to war
Response to War
  • Founding WPP members include:
  • Jane Addams
  • Florence Kelley
  • Lillian Wald
  • Mary McDowell
  • Edith and Grace Abbott
  • Sophonisba Breckinridge
  • Julia Lathrop
  • Alice Hamilton
  • Anna Howard Shaw (NAWSA)
  • Carrie Chapman Catt (NAWSA)
  • Crystal Eastman (NAWSA/NWP)
founding meeting
Founding Meeting

January 10, 1915

only the beginning
Only the Beginning

Settlement house work

Poverty issues Anti-war

Immigrant welfare Public Health

Child labor Woman suffrage

Child welfare Women workers

networks continue
Networks Continue

Frances Perkins

classroom activities
Classroom Activities
  • Biographies/Autobiographies: Examine which women/men have received more/less attention and discuss why
  • Choose a group of Progressives and trace the connections among them of age, class, race, issues, and organizations; create posters showing the network
  • Choose an issue/event and investigate the networks
  • Prepare a dialogue showing how people networked around issues
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