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  1. A GUIDE IN THE RAIN FOREST? – THE ROLE OF A REGIONAL STRATEGIC NETWORK IN AN INNOVATION PROCESSby Jens Eklinder-FrickGävle University

  2. Theoreticalframework Regional strategicnetworks (Cluster initiatives)Innovation processesit is a complex process ofcombiningsomething new with the organizationalstructuresneededtoenableitswidespreaduse

  3. Future Position X (FPX) in Gävle • RSN focusing on GIS technology • Founded in 2006 • 41 member org in 2013 • 13 employees, board of 11 members • Development of the CRISP (Crisis Information Sharing Platform) technology started in 2007 Studiedcase

  4. The CRISP plattform RALF SOS –Alarm Service CRISP Swedish TransportAdmin emergency services Real propertyregeristry Swedish Police

  5. The CRISP plattform RALF SOS –Alarm Service CRISP CRISP Swedish TransportAdmin emergency services Real propertyregeristry Swedish Police ISS China (India, Sweden) KarolinskaUni Heidelberg Uni Local medical facilities FudanUni pre-schools /Kinder Gardens HuazhongUni

  6. The CRISP plattform RALF SOS –Alarm Service CRISP CRISP CRISP Swedish TransportAdmin emergency services Real propertyregeristry Swedish Police ISS China (India, Sweden) KarolinskaUni Heidelberg Uni Local medical facilities FudanUni pre-schools /Kinder Gardens HuazhongUni Catch a Feather Local shops Local sports teams City of Sandviken Local youth organizations

  7. ISSC RALF RALF ISSI 10 test 10 test SCA City of Sandviken Gästrike Energy Gästrike Water LFV- Aviation SOS – Alarm Service Gästrike Recycling Lantmäteriet – Real property Folk- universitetet N I for CommunicableDiseases In South Africa Gävleborg County 1177 – Medical hotline Swedish Inst for CommunicableDisease Control SMHI – Weather services County of Ujjain In India North Hälsingland Emergency Service Gästrike Emergency Service Gävleborg countyepidemiology Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency South Hälsingland Emergency Service Swedish Transport Admin Swedish Police RD Gardi Medical Collage Heidelberg University Karolinska University Huazhong University Fudan University Gävle University Donald Davies Uppfinnaren Daycare Reflektus Anido R-con Sweden Soft Security Blueplot ESRI S-Group 10 test stations in India BaiduMap Ltd TrionaBicycle Project 1 500 test stations in China Gadder AB Invotech Geotest ISSS Private company Public organization Academic institution Severalactors Joint project Applicationsof the CRISP platform

  8. “Innovation is the invention in use” (Ingemansson, 2010:13) “An innovation must fit into the eco-system of the market” (Håkansson et al, 2009)

  9. The developing setting is where new solutions are searched for by combining alternative combinations of material and immaterial resources. “Birth of the innovation” Developing, producing and usingsetting

  10. The developing setting is where new solutions are searched for by combining alternative combinations of material and immaterial resources. “Birth of the innovation” The producing setting: In order for a new potential innovation to be embedded into producer‐user interfaces it must be transformed into some type of product or process. “innovation brought to market” Developing, producing and usingsetting

  11. The developing setting is where new solutions are searched for by combining alternative combinations of material and immaterial resources. “Birth of the innovation” The producing setting: In order for a new potential innovation to be embedded into producer‐user interfaces it must be transformed into some type of product or process. “Innovation brought to market” The using setting consists of a wide set of material and immaterial investments made by the actors in the established business structure. The outcome of any new solution is dependent upon how it effects these actors’ prior investments; if only a few can gain advantages from using the new solution it will never reach widespread use. “Innovation in use” Developing, producing and usingsetting

  12. The developing setting is where new solutions are searched for by combining alternative combinations of material and immaterial resources. “Birth of the innovation” The producing setting: In order for a new potential innovation to be embedded into producer‐user interfaces it must be transformed into some type of product or process. “Innovation brought to market” The using setting consists of a wide set of material and immaterial investments made by the actors in the established business structure. The outcome of any new solution is dependent upon how it effects these actors’ prior investments; if only a few can gain advantages from using the new solution it will never reach widespread use. “Innovation reaching widespread use” The developing setting is where new solutions are searched for by combining alternative combinations of material and immaterial resources. The producing setting: In order for a new potential innovation to be embedded into producer‐user interfaces it must be transformed into some type of product or process. The using setting consists of a wide set of material and immaterial investments made by the actors in the established business structure. The outcome of any new solution is dependent upon how it effects these actors’ prior investments; if only a few can gain advantages from using the new solution it will never reach widespread use. Developing, producing and usingsetting

  13. This paper investigatesthe hindrance and drivingforcesthat a policy initiated innovation process willencounterwhen undertaken within the contextofa regional strategicnetwork.

  14. Scientific, academic and business actors were involved in the projects. “The CRISP platform was already half way developed when the ISS project was initiated. It was easy to see that the CRISP information and the symptoms data was almost the same thing, we could plot it out in the same system”. (ISS, RALF) “In this project it is the academics that have created the problem that they are trying to solve, and they have theories they wish to verify. If a single business actor would steer the development they would have a single practical problem that they wished to solve” (ISS). Developing setting

  15. “Not even in China is it safe to assume that it is feasible to include manual data into a large scale system” (ISS) • “It would take a while to coordinate all these different data into an application, and to communicate the benefit. Then you would need to market the application and to provide support enabling the use. MarknadsplatsSandviken does not have the knowledge required to handle such an operation”. (Chatch a feather) • “the most important issue is that when this project comes to and end and we are supposed to enter the next phase in development, there must be a supplier that takes care of certain things. We are in need of some form of customer support that may help us in customizing the applications”. (RALF) Producingsetting

  16. “The important thing is that there is communication between us and them; that they know of our problems. ”We want to solve your problems”, that should be the business actors role.” (ISS) • “The technology is really a small part of the investment needed. What is also needed is the training of the users and the incentive to do so”. (ISS) • “It is easy to buy an advert in the local paper; you understand how to do that. You do not need to show the customer how to read the local paper, but to use an smartphone application is another issue ”. (Catch a feather) • “Well, when he (a developer of CRISP) is making his sales pitch, it gets a little too complicated. -What can you do and offer? -Well, everything! The customer wants to know more precisely what is on offer”. (RALF) Usingsetting

  17. Conclusions FPX played the role of being the bridge between science and business.Combining a wide range of developers and end-users in one innovation process without retaining intellectual property rights and heightened secrecy might be one way in which a RSN plays an important role in the “eco-system” of the market.focus in the studied RSN was put upon the developing and the using setting.The lack of resources in the producing setting was by several respondents adhered to the rules that a RSN must abide by because of their external funding.