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Theoretical Framework. Research basis. Theoretical Framework. What is the central concept(s) integral to the study? (look within and outside LIS) Connecting the study to theory: basic research. Good Theory.

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theoretical framework

Theoretical Framework

Research basis

theoretical framework2
Theoretical Framework
  • What is the central concept(s) integral to the study? (look within and outside LIS)
  • Connecting the study to theory: basic research
good theory
Good Theory
  • Advances knowledge in a discipline, guides, research, enlightens the discipline, helps the discipline mature and gain validation
  • Enables us to rise above the seemingly random confusion of everyday life to see patterns and to understand principles on which to base purposeful, productive action
  • Provides an important context
theory vs practice
Theory vs. Practice
  • We cannot do without theory. It will always defeat practice in the end for a quite simple reason. Practice is static. It does well what it knows. It has, however, no principle for dealing with what it doesn’t know … Practice is not well adapted for rapid adjustments to a changing environment. Theory is light footed, it can adapt itself to changed circumstances, think out fresh
slide5
Out fresh combinations and possibilities, peer into the future. Theory provides a clear framework, administrative practice reduces to a series of meaningless acts, without purpose of direction.
    • Source: Charles H. Granger, Harvard Business Review 42 (May-June 1964), p. 64.
theory
Theory
  • Provides patterns for the interpretation of data
  • Links one study to another
  • Supplies frameworks within which concepts and variables acquire special significance
  • Allows us to interpret the larger meaning of our findings for ourselves and others
    • Source: The elements of social scientific thinking, p. 40
examples
Information needs

information-seeking behavior

Effectiveness

Teams/small groups

Success

Reference Transactions

Standards

RUSA, IL, Accreditation

Expectations

service quality

Satisfaction

Value

See Measuring your library’s value, Donald S. Elliott et al (ALA, 2007)

Examples
theoretical framework8
Theoretical Framework

Dalbello, M. (2009). Cultural dimensions of digital library development: Part II the cultural innovations of five European national libraries. Library Quarterly, 79(1).

Culture = National Culture + Organizational Culture + Professional Culture + Heterogeneous Tool Kit Culture

logical structure

Logical Structure

Who, what, when, where, how…

logical structure10
Logical Structure
  • Explicitly addresses all the possible variables within a study
  • Identifies all of the important components
  • Is a menu of choices--no decisions are represented
  • The decisions = objectives
logical structure components
Logical Structure (Components)
  • Addresses the questions of
  • What (problem statement)
  • Who
  • Where
  • When
  • How (methods)
logical structure12
Logical Structure
  • Not always directly addressed within the published study, but must be addressed by the research during the planning stages.
  • Often possible to represent the logical structure through a diagram or model
slide13
What
  • Identifies the problem under study
  • May help to brainstorm for contributing factors, causes and effects
  • May have to operationalize terms= i.e. success, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.
  • Some methods:
    • Flow Chart
    • Five Why’s
    • Fishbone Diagram
fishbone diagram dr kaoru ishikawa
Fishbone DiagramDr. Kaoru Ishikawa

Materials

People

Policies

Problem Statement

Process

Technology

slide15
Who
  • The group under study
  • Identifies the population
  • Identifies the sample within the population
  • May have to justify choices
slide16
When
  • The time frame of the study
    • Data collection
    • Literature review
    • Correcting for lapses
  • Sets deadlines
  • Creates context
where
Where
  • Identify the environment
  • Sets parameters
slide18
How
  • Methodologies
  • How will data be collected
  • What is appropriate?
user use study
User/Use Study
  • Use
  • Students
  • Simmons College
  • When
  • How
slide20

Use/Nonuse Study

Where: one to many places

How

When: 1-many times

Library

Use NonUse

Students

Add Variables

e book use
E-book Use

Where

When

How

User (Search) Behavior

Undergraduates

variables

variables

objectives

Objectives

Indicate what was selected from the “menu” or logical structure

slide24
Basic: to conceptualize
  • Applied: to test
  • Action: to describe
objectives25
To “describe”

To “relate:” “compare” or “contrast” (relating applies to basic, applied, and action research)

Objectives

identify

define

distinguish

determine

Depict

etc.

objectives26
Objectives
  • To identify the attributes (requirements, responsibilities, qualifications, and salaries/benefits) of music librarians
  • To determine the extent to which their responsibilities relate solely to music librarianship
  • To compare the attributes listed most frequently in job advertisements with those attributes leading to the actual hiring of individual
  • To compare the list of attributes identified in job advertisements by: geographical area, highest degree offered by the institution, institutional control (private vs. public)
evaluation questions
How much?

How many?

How economical?

How prompt?

How accurate?

How responsive?

How well?

How valuable?

How reliable?

How courteous?

How satisfied?

---------------------------

Accountability and Effectiveness = How well?

Evaluation Questions
slide29

Others, as institution itself

Customers

Library

Examples: How much? Howmany? How well?

How satisfied?