how textbooks work
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
How textbooks work

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 49

How textbooks work - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

How textbooks work . From ‘ dogme ’ to ‘ pragme ’ Simon Greenall International House Trust IH Directors of Studies Conference January 2013. How textbooks work . Textbooks, criticisms and survival ELT’s life-changing responsibilities Complex problems and complex solutions

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'How textbooks work' - wind


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
how textbooks work

How textbooks work

From ‘dogme’ to ‘pragme’

Simon Greenall

International House Trust

IH Directors of Studies Conference January 2013

how textbooks work1
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide4
ELTNEWS: You never thought of writing a coursebook?

Mario: Financially… of course. But never seriously. I firmly believe that what happens in my classes arises from the meeting between the students and me and the students and each other. How, rationally, can any outside person map this meeting out in advance? Suppose you go to have dinner with a few friends, do you all arrive with a pre-arranged conversation script? A coursebook is as daft and off-course as that. Feeling this, how could I contemplate writing one?

slide5
Mario Rinvolucri “Ambition, rage, jealousy, betrayal, destiny, greed, fear and the other Shakespearean themes are far from the soft, fudgey sub-journalistic, woman’s magaziney world of EFLese course materials.”

The UK, EFLese Sub-Culture and Dialect on TEFL Farm, 1999

how textbooks work2
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide8
Target culture

Sample culture

slide9
… multipolarization

economic globalization

informatization.

slide10
… the principal tool to enhance international communication as well as scientific and cultural exchanges

… conducive to laying a solid foundation for improving the overall qualities of our people

… cultivating talent with innovative and cross-cultural capabilities

… enhancing international competitiveness of China and communication skills of its people

slide11
… helps them better understand the world

… acquire advanced scientific and cultural knowledge

… spread Chinese culture

… enhance mutual understanding and communication

… more opportunities for education and career development

slide12
… cultivate the character of openness and tolerance

… develop an awareness and capability for cross-cultural communication

… promote the development of thinking

… form correct life outlooks, values and high character attainment

slide13
… an increasingly interdependent community of nations…

… internationalism is the hallmark of modern education

… linguistic and cultural diversity are the hallmarks of internationalism

slide14
… more active thinkers

… an economic-reproductive function

… an ideological function

… increasing the language resources available as Palestine competes in the global economy

how textbooks work3
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide16
course design

multi -syllabus course design

organizing or principle syllabuses

topics

lexis

grammar

functions.

slide17
supplementary syllabuses

reading

writing

speaking

listening

learning strategies

socio-cultural competence

slide18
grammar syllabus

natural order of grammar

slide19
methodology or an approach

communicative

classroom interaction

pairwork

information gap

content-rich material

learner-centred teaching and learning

prescriptive or descriptive approaches

slide21
meaning

contextualisation

integration

communicative activity sequences

slide22
layout and design

white space

visuals

cosmetic artwork/photos

functional artwork/photos

typeface

point size

slide24
Rubrics

consistency

brevity

clarity

1 Underline the true sentences.

2 Correct the false sentences.

OR

1 Underline the true sentences. Now correct the false sentences.

slide25
teaching to an exam syllabus

exam-oriented

exam-specific

slide27
Criteria for choosing a text

A text should one or more of the following criteria:

interest

entertainment

new information

cross-cultural relevance

Relevance to the learner’s personal experience

slide28
suitable lexical density

suitable structural density

attractive layout

suitable length

relevance to the hidden curriculum

suitable for exploitation (communicative activity sequences)

slide29
book plan

teaching units or textbook lessons

review units

prelims

endmatter

textbook lesson or classroom lesson

how textbooks work4
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide31
‘Accepting and reinforcing this state of psychological affairs (the disempowerment of the non-native speaker teacher) is a handy way for publishers to ensure that the standardised native speaker versions of English remain the status quo. … It’s called protecting your profit margin.’

Luke Meddings, The Guardian, 2004

slide34
The P&L
  • The total number of copies forecast to sell annually
  • The revenue from each item for sale
  • The number of years the publisher considers the product will stay in the market.

Sue Jones, former Publishing Director, Macmillan Education

slide35
The future of coursebooks – digital publishing?

Editing

Breadth of appeal

Funding

Online access

slide36
‘Do you really think you would have written what you’ve written if you hadn’t been obliged to do so by your publishers?’

Anon, Dogme yahoo list 2011

how textbooks work5
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide38
1.5 billion learners of English worldwide
  • 11.5 million teachers of English in PES and PLS
  • 90% are non-native teachers
  • Approximately 200,000 in the PLS
  • Approximately 100, 000 are CELTA/DELTA trained
  • So 1.3 million in the PES
how textbooks work6
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide40
‘Coursebooks don't just dominate the teachers' lives, they dominate the students' lives too’

Chiasuan Chong

slide41
‘ … the reason that coursebooks are so often in the line of fire is that they DO to a large extent dominate and determine so many aspects of a teacher's day-to-day professional life. They (more often as not) instantiate the curriculum, provide the texts, and - to a large extent - guide the methodology.’

Scott Thornbury An A-Z of ELT blog

slide43
Due to a lack of training and support, as well as uncertainty about their own English language skills, coupled with learner and other stakeholder expectations about the role of the teacher, ‘many teachers feel insecure and disempowered.’ For teachers such as these, the courseboook is their lifeline. To suggest that they should abandon coursebooks and engage with the language that emerges from the socializing and communicative needs of the ‘The people in the room’ is simply disingenuous.

Scott Thornbury (ibid)

how textbooks work7
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

the pragme doctrine
The ‘pragme doctrine’
  • Teachers need our help. They don’t need to feel disempowered or downgraded by the devices they use to help them: eg technology
  • Teachers need to adapt to learners’ needs – a mark of good teaching
  • Teaching for exams or a formal curriculum is a reality for many teachers, it’s not teaching in inferior circumstances.
  • Teachers need approaches and methodologies appropriate to their cultural contexts
the pragme doctrine cont
The ‘pragme doctrine’ (cont)
  • Teachers don’t always teach in ideal circumstances
  • Teachers need to be encouraged to use their own instinct, training and emotional sensitivity and intelligence to provide an honest response to their students needs, by whatever means they use.
  • Common sense and basic good instinct need to prevail.
  • Dogmatic principles need to yield to pragmatic awareness of the huge variation in teaching circumstances. We cannot afford to give them anything but the very best and most complete facilities and training.
how textbooks work8
How textbooks work

Textbooks, criticisms and survival

ELT’s life-changing responsibilities

Complex problems and complex solutions

Publishing and profits

Textbooks and good teachers

Sharing failure, reforming for success

Creative compromise and pragmatic response

slide49
[email protected]

@simongreenall

ad