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The Roman Gladiators. A Gladiator’s Life Types of Gladiators Circus Maximus and The Colosseum. A Gladiator’s Life. As Rome expands it comes into conflict with other cultures which leads to armed conflict Majority of those that become gladiators are because of conquest

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the roman gladiators

The Roman Gladiators

A Gladiator’s Life

Types of Gladiators

Circus Maximus and The Colosseum

a gladiator s life
A Gladiator’s Life
  • As Rome expands it comes into conflict with other cultures which leads to armed conflict
  • Majority of those that become gladiators are because of conquest
  • The conquered were then escorted back to Rome where they would be sold in slave markets
a gladiator s life1
A Gladiator’s Life
  • Sent to a ludus gladiatorious to be trained
  • Training was under the supervision of a lanista or “the butcher”
  • Abuse was common place and was both physical and psychological (whipping most common)
  • Day consisted of lifting weights and learning the art of death
a gladiator s life2
A Gladiator’s Life
  • Common myth is that gladiators were only slaves
  • Majority were but they were criminals, debtors and those condemned to death
  • Trained according to one’s physical attributes or skills
types of gladiators
Types of Gladiators
  • Samnite carried a sword, long shield and a visored helmet
  • Retarius carried a trident, used a net to snare and wore amour for his throwing arm
  • Myrmillo carried a dagger and a shield and was protected by leg bands and a leather belt
types of gladiators1
Types of Gladiators
  • At the coliseum gladiators fought first
  • Concerned about survival and what lanista will do if you do not perform well
  • After condemned are killed, animals hunted and criminal fights
  • Gladiators fight again in late day but it is to the death now
types of gladiators2
Types of Gladiators
  • Defeated gladiators could appeal for mercy but it was at the whim of the crowd
  • Death did not always come at the hands of one’s opponent
  • Men dressed as Roman gods would kill the loser in a variety of ways to add to the sensationalism of the event
  • Thumbs down did not mean death. It meant to spare the gladiator and a thumb up meant to kill him
circus maximus
Circus Maximus
  • Large outdoor arena that seated 200,000 people
  • Held chariot races
  • Chariot teams had fans who followed and cheered for their teams
  • Used by emperors to appease the poor with free bread and admission
circus maximus1
Circus Maximus
  • Emperor Nero raced several times
  • Possessed no skill but people adored him
  • His behavior became irrational
    • used camels instead of horses
    • held night races
    • Began killing those who beat him
    • Declared himself champion at every race
colosseum
Colosseum
  • Built by Emperor Vespasian and Titus 70-80 A.D.
  • Seated 45,000, had two large restroom areas, covered area, numbered seating based on class, and had supporting facilities nearby
  • Longest games were 123 days long
colosseum1
Colosseum
  • Exotic animals hunts, gladiatorial combat, executions, brutal plays, battle recreations and possibly naval battles with alligators entertained the crowds
  • Christians martyred still debated
  • Used as a social valve to control populace