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Chapter 18 Braiding and Braid Extensions
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Chapter 18 Braiding and Braid Extensions

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  1. Chapter 18 Braiding and Braid Extensions

  2. Origins in Africa • Different styles • ~ social status • More important the person, the more elaborate • the braids were Amyhairbraiding.com

  3. Ehow.com Cedarartworld.com

  4. Today • ~ signals self-esteem and self-image • Africa • ~ handed down from generation to generation • Investment of time • African cultures • ~ opportunity for women to socialize and form relationships

  5. Today • ~ salons practice “natural hairstyling” • No chemicals • ~ does not alter the natural curl or coil pattern • For people of all ethnicities • Diverse approach to hair care

  6. With proper care • ~ can last up to three months • ~ 6-8 weeks preserves the health of the hair • Investment in time and money is high • Detailed consultation • ~ ensures a happy ending • Fill out client card • ~ update every appointment

  7. Ehow.com Hometownhairbraiding.com

  8. Hair Analysis • Consultation: • ~ condition of hair and scalp • ~ texture (3 qualities) • Diameter • ~ coarse, medium, or fine

  9. 2. Feel ~ oily, dry, hard, soft, smooth, coarse, or wiry 3. Wave pattern (coil configuration) ~ straight, wavy, curly, or coiled

  10. Coil • ~ very tight curl • ~ spiral in formation • ~ when stretched, • resembles loops • “Textured hair”= • tight coil pattern Manandchic.blogspot.com

  11. Consider: • Density • ~ where hair is thin • Condition • ~ damage and breakage • Length • ~ physically long enough • Scalp health • ~ healthy/properly cared for • Read FYI

  12. Page 517 Oval Face • Most braids are appropriate • Round Face • Add height • ***Asymmetrical creates a slenderizing look • High on top • *secured below the crown in back Hairweb.org

  13. Hairbytowanda.com Pabeautystation.co.uk http://www.natural-hair-care-info.com/cornrow-gallery.html

  14. Square face • Longer braids to frame the face • Inverted Triangle (Heart) Face • ***Partial bangs • ***Frame the face • ***Fullness at chin

  15. Triangular (Pear) Face • Bring braids forward at chin line http://braids.nicehairstyles.net/tag/micro-braids-hairstyles-2/

  16. Oblong Face • ***Full styles • ***Partial bangs • ***Medium length • ***Avoid middle parts • Side chignon Morris-roots.com

  17. Tools for Braiding • Boar-bristle brush • ~ stimulates scalp • ~ removes dirt and lint • Soft nylon brush • ~ fine • ~ soft hair at hairline Cherrybrook.com

  18. Square paddle brush ~ releases tangles, knots, and snarls ~ cushion of air (bristles collapse with resistance *prevents breakage in fragile hair

  19. Vent brush • ~ gently to remove tangles • ~ wet or dry hair • Use on human hair extensions • Check tips • ~ even if one is missing/discard fbi4u.com Cachebeauty.com

  20. Wide-toothed comb • ~ teeth width • ~ medium to large • Avoidsscratching the scalp • Allows textured hair to move between rows of teeth Cosmeticmarket.com

  21. Double-tooth comb ~ separates the hair ~ detangles wet hair Tail comb ~ for design parting ~ sectioning large segments ~ opening and removing braids Beauty-relaxation.co.za

  22. Finishing comb ~ 8 to 10” in length ~ used while cutting ~ fine/straight hair Beautystore.com

  23. Cutting comb ~ for small sections ~ use after hair is softened and elongated with blow-dryer Pick with round teeth ~ lifting and separating *** one in kit

  24. Blow-dryer with pick nozzle ~ dries, stretches, and softens Diffuser ~ dries without disturbing the finished look Folica.com $187.00

  25. Five-inch scissors ~ creates shape and finished look ~ trims bangs (fringe) ~ excess extension material Long clips ~ separates into large sections Sleekhair.com

  26. Butterfly and small clips ~ separates into various sections Hooded dryer ~ remove excess moisture before blowdrying Small rubber bands or string ~secure the ends Read: State Regulatory Alert

  27. Extensions Extension fibers-list to follow Hackle ~ board of fine upright nails ~ used to detangle and blend colors Hairlineillusions.com

  28. Drawing board ~ flat leather pads with close and fine teeth ~ sandwich the human hair extensions madeinchina.com

  29. Materials and Extensions • The fibers you use will determine • ~ how successful • ~ durable the extension will be • Buying new product: • ~ buy in small quantities • ~ test the fiber on a mannequin first

  30. Vogishchic.info Human hair ~ gold standard ~ imported from Asia ~ little information about the process ~ is it 100% ? ~ deal with suppliers you know and trust

  31. Kanekalon ~ manufactured, synthetic fiber of excellent quality ~variety of types, colors, textures ***less shine

  32. Madeinchina.com Tradeeasy.com

  33. ~ some are high-heat resistant • ~ durable, soft, less tangling • ~ holds up to shampooing and styling • ***costs more/better quality

  34. Nylon or rayon synthetic ~ less expensive ~ varying qualities ~ reflects light/very shiny ~ known to cut or break the hair ~ repeated shampooing=less durable ~ will melt if high heat is applied

  35. Samantha140508.blogspot.com Whyareyouyelling.blogspot.com

  36. Yarn • ~ made of cotton or nylon blend • ~ very inexpensive • ~ light, soft, and detangles easily • ~ available in many colors • ~ matte finish • ~ expands when shampooed • * will not slip • ~ appear black in store/shows blue or green tint in natural light

  37. Quinnster,fgdn.net

  38. Lin ~ wool fiber from Africa ~ matte finish ~ only in black and brown ~ comes in roll ~ any length and size ~ very flammable

  39. Yak ~ strong fiber ~ domestic ox ~ use alone or blend with human hair ~ mixed helps to remove manufactured shine

  40. 2001everest.com

  41. Wellbanklochans.co.uk Tradeindia.com

  42. Working With Wet or Dry Hair ~ best dry/wet shrinks ~ tension leads to breakage ~ wet-allow for shrinkage ~ straight, resistant hair *coat with wax or pomade Read Caution

  43. ~ if shampooed, apply leave-in conditioner ~ use wide-toothed comb * detangling comb ~ blow-dry the hair ~ wax, pomades, gels, or lotions can be used ~ use large paddle brush ~ start at ends to remove tangles

  44. ~ textured hair is * very fragile/wet and dry ~ blow-dry quickly * softens * more manageable ~ loosens and elongates wave pattern * easier “pick-up” * manipulation of the hair

  45. Braiding the Hair • Classified • ~ visible or invisible • Visible braid • ~ three-strand braid • ~ underhand technique • ~ left and right sides woven under center strand • ***used for cornrows cute2try.hairdos.blogspot.com

  46. Invisible braid ~ three-strand braid ~ overlapping ~ overhand technique ~left and right strands go over the middle one

  47. Amothers’journal.com Hairboutique.com

  48. Rope Braid • Two strands • ~ twisted around each other • ~ on one-length or long, layered hair • ~ add to both sides before twisting • ***done on dry hair

  49. Farm2static.flickr.com