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Drug Abuse Education Course. Master Sgt. Doug Oswald Assistant Drug Demand Reduction Administrator. Mutual Respect Participation Raise Your Hand. Ground Rules. No Talking to Your Friends! No Homework! No Sleeping!. No Cell Phones! No Video Games! No Music!. Drugs are Bad!

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Drug Abuse Education Course

Master Sgt. Doug Oswald

Assistant Drug Demand Reduction Administrator

Mutual Respect


Raise Your Hand

Ground Rules

  • No Talking to Your Friends!
  • No Homework!
  • No Sleeping!
  • No Cell Phones!
  • No Video Games!
  • No Music!
Drugs are Bad!

I Don’t Know!

I didn’t Say Anything!

I Didn’t Raise My Hand!




Zzzzzzzzzz! Drool!

Top Incorrect Answers

Define Drugs





Cost to Society


A Drug is any substance taken into the body, other than food or water, that changes the way you feel.

What’s a Drug?

  • Includes:
    • Over-the-counter medications
    • Medicine prescribed by a physician
    • Tobacco and Alcohol
    • Illegal drugs like marijuana and “meth”
    • Chemicals like paint thinner and aerosol sprays
Gateway Drugs:

Tobacco (stimulant)

Alcohol (depressant)

Marijuana (cannabinoid)

Inhalants (chemicals)

Drug Categories

  • Illegal drugs:
    • Stimulants (‘meth,’ khat & cocaine)
    • Depressants (‘Roofies’ & GHB)
    • Cannabinoids (marijuana & hashish)
    • Hallucinogens (ecstasy, PCP & LSD)
    • Narcotics (opium, codeine, morphine & heroin)
how many use illegal drugs
The United States has about 4.5% of the world’s population, yet we consume over half the illegal drugs in the world.

8.1% of Americans 12 and over (19.7 million) are current users of illicit drugs. Use is defined as any use in the past month.

Age 12-17: 9.9%

Age 18-25: 20.1%

Age 26 and up: 5.8%

How many use Illegal Drugs?
how many use illegal drugs1
74.2% of illicit drug users are using marijuana.

54.5% use only marijuana.

19.6% use marijuana and another illicit drug.

25.8% use illicit drugs excluding marijuana.

How many use Illegal Drugs?
who uses illegal drugs2
Females: 6.1%

Males: 10.2%

Who uses Illegal Drugs?
  • Employed full-time: 8.2%
  • Employed part-time: 10.4%
  • Unemployed: 17.1%
  • High School Drop-out: 9.8%
  • High School Graduate: 8.6%
  • Some College: 8.9%
  • College Graduate: 5.0%
why do people use drugs
Peer pressure!

Family pressure!

Media pressure!

Because they’re fun!

Perception of harmlessness.

To deal with problems, boredom & depression.

Why do people use Drugs?
results of drug use
When the fun wears off, all your problems, boredom, depression are still there.

Now you’re involved with criminal activity.

Continued use results in addiction; either physical, psychological or both.

Legal, medical and social problems.

Ultimately, it’s a personal choice that effects more than the user.

Results of Drug Use
who s affected by drug use
Drug user







Who’s affected by drug use?
  • Co-workers
  • Employers
  • First Responders
  • Fire & Rescue
  • Police
  • Hospital Personnel
  • Country


what s the economic cost
Health Care $15.8 billion

Lost Productivity $128.6 billion

Criminal Justice/Legal $36.4 billion

Total Cost (2002) $180.9 billion

Crime Related (as part of total) $107 billion

What’s the Economic Cost?
u s annual preventable death rates
Drugs 16,000

AIDS 16,500

Homicide 19,800

Suicide 30,500

Traffic fatalities 42,000

Alcohol 107,400

Tobacco 430,000

U.S. Annual Preventable Death Rates

Statistical Sources

2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings

Department of Health and Human Services,

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,

Office of Applied Studies