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The Big picture

The Big picture

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The Big picture

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Big picture Part I

  2. Mercantilism (1607 – 1763) • The “ism” • Colonies exist for the mother country • National wealth & power is a function of the amount of gold and silver in the treasury • How they did it • Navigation Acts • Trade Acts

  3. Imperialism (Sovereignty) • The “ism” • In pursuit of mercantile strength, the mother country gathers territory abroad • How they did it • French & Indian War (Treaty of Paris 1763) • Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, and Intolerable Acts • Revolutionary War decides the sovereignty issue: British king recognizes US sovereignty

  4. Nationalism (1783 – 1830s) • The “ism” • Growing sense of “American” identity • Has foundation in Declaration of Independence • How they did it • Treaty of Paris 1783 • Articles of Confederation (1781-1789) • Supremacy clause • Louisiana Purchase • War of 1812 • And…

  5. Judicial Nationalism • Exemplified by the Marshall Court (1801 – 1835) • Major decisions • Marbury v. Madison (1803) • Fletcher v. Peck (1810) • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) • McCullough v. Maryland (1819) • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

  6. Cultural Nationalism • BIC • Bryant (Thanatopsis; To a Waterfowl) • Irving (Sketch Book including “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”) • Cooper (Leatherstocking Tales including Last of the Mohicans) • Hudson River School • Romanticized landscape painting • Example: Thomas Cole

  7. Sectionalism (1820 – 1860) • The “ism” • Tendency to separate based on social cleavages (region, gender, race, class, etc.) • How they did it • South (slavery, plantation system) v. North (manufacturing, trade) • Abolitionism • Slavery in the territories

  8. Big Picture Trends (1607 – 1860) • Class • Rich v. poor; merchant v. farmer; haves v. have nots; west v. east • Gender • Changing role of women • Race • Negroid (black) v. Caucasian (white); Mongoloid (First Nations/Native Americans/Indians) v. Caucasian • Ethnicity • Germans/Irish v. Anglos • Religion • Puritans, Quakers, Mormons v. established Christian traditions