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TORRENTS – (BIT TORRENT)

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  1. TORRENTS – (BIT TORRENT) E – BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES PROFESSOR EDUARD HEINDL BCM SS‘09

  2. TORRENTS – (BIT TORRENT) • AGENDA: • INTRODUCTION TO TORRENTS • P2P SYSTEMS – ARCHITECTURE • P2P SYSTEMS – ENVIRONMENT • BIT TORRENT PROTOCOL • BIT TORRENT INC. • BIT TORRENT BUSINESS MODEL • CONCLUSION

  3. INTRODUCTION TO TORRENTS • DEFINITION OF CAMBRIDGE DICTIONARY: • Torrent – Noun ( C ) A large streamofwaterthatmovesvery fast. DEFINITION OF URBAN DICTIONARY: • Torrent - The most kickass way of sharing files. • Torrent files are pretty much the best file-sharing method, hands down.

  4. TORRENTS TRADITIONAL FILE DOWNLOAD TORRENT FILE DOWNLOAD

  5. P2P SYSTEMS - ARCHITECTURE • THREE KINDS OF ARCHITECTURE: • PurelycentralizedArchitecture e.g. NAPSTER • PurelydecentralizedArchitecture e.g. EDONKEY • PartiallyCentralized (or ) PartiallydecentralizedArchitecture e.g. GNUTELLA • CONTENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF BIT TORRENT: • PartiallyCentralized

  6. ILLUSTRATION OF ARCHITECTURES CENTRALIZED ARCHITECTURE PURELY DECENTRALIZED ARCHITECTURE

  7. P2P SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENT • HUBS; SWITCHES; BRIDGES ; ROUTERS AND FIREWALLS • NAT SYSTEMS: • These areoftwotypes: • STATIC ONE – ONE • DYNAMIC ONE - MANY PHYSICAL COMPONENTS NAT SYSTEM TYPES

  8. BIT TORRENT PROTOCOL • Bit TorrentProtocol – Developed in 2001 by Bram Cohen. • Itisnowmaintainedby Bit Torrent INC. • Thrives on the P2P Environment with a partiallycentralizedArchitecture. • VeryPopular Tool fordownloading Movies , Music and Games. • TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH BIT TORRENT: • Swarm, Seed, Peer, Tracker, .torrentfile, Vuze, Bit torrentclient, Pirate Bay, ISO Hunt

  9. BIT TORRENT PROTOCOL

  10. BIT TORRENT PROTOCOL

  11. BIT TORRENT PROTOCOL

  12. BIT TORRENT INC. • Founded in 2004 by Bram Cohen & AshwinNavin. • In a Wired Article in 2007 – oneof top 10 startupsworthwatching. • Reuters – Bit torrent Accounts for 35% of all internettraffic- Nov’04. • Boastsof an Installedbaseofover 160 millionclientsworldwide. – Press releases • Company employs 20 people. • Partners include 20‘th century Fox, Lionsgate, MTV, Spike TV , Warner Brothers & others.

  13. BIT TORRENT BUSINESS MODEL • Bit Torrent DNA ( Delivery Network Accelerator ) EnablesDeliveryofmediacontentandgamesoverexisting Bit torrentprotocol. • Bit Torrent Device Partner Bit Torrent Software Development Kit fordevices. Bit Torrent Certified Program. • Bit Torrent Entertainment Network. • Venture Capital Market.

  14. Bit Torrent Business Model Bit Torrent Entertainment Network • Offersdownloadsoffilmsandothercontent. • Partners include MGM, Paramount, Fox , Warner Brothers, Azureusand BBC. • Different Download options – Daily rentalstoPermanenet Downloads ( US $ 2.99 – 3.99 for 24 hrrental). VENTURE CAPITAL MARKET • Funding on Bit Torrent US $40.8 millionsby DCM, ACCEL and DAG ventures.

  15. BIT TORRENT BUSINESS MODEL NEW PLANS FOR BUSINESS: • Club Model • Compulsory Click Through Advertisement. LEGAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES: • Bit TorrentTracker – Legal? • Finreactor Case 2004 – Fine of US§5.4 Million Claimed BIT TORRENT‘s DEFENSE: • Bit Torrentdoes not offersearchfacility. • Bit torrentdoes not concealthehostsharing illegal files.

  16. CONCLUSION • P2P hasmanyadvantagestooffer in thefuture. • Torrents – Cloudcomputingprototypes. • Sharing ofComputational Power and Storage in thefuture. • Updationofdatabygoogleatpresentis an issue. • P2P couldoutline a complexsolutiontothisin thefuture. • Maximum usageofcomputational power in thefuture.

  17. REFERENCES • http://www.bittorrent.com/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BitTorrent,_Inc. • http://images.google.com/imghp • http://dessent.net/btfaq/#where • From P2P to Web Services and Grids : Peers in a Client/Server World by Ian J Taylor BITTORRENT ISBN 978-1-8462-8074-0 • http://kepler.ss.ca.gov/corpdata/ShowAllList?QueryCorpNumber=C2676150