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Common Trees of North Carolina. Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01. American Elm. Leaves are oval, long, curved and pointed, sharply toothed margins Bark is dark gray Common on bottomlands 75-100 feet, diameter 2-5 feet. American Holly.

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common trees of north carolina

Common Trees of North Carolina

Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01

american elm
American Elm
  • Leaves are oval, long, curved and pointed, sharply toothed margins
  • Bark is dark gray
  • Common on bottomlands
  • 75-100 feet, diameter 2-5 feet
american holly
American Holly
  • Leaves are spiny, wavy-edged, 2-4 inches long, dark green in color
  • Red berries on female trees
  • Bark is light gray, roughened wart-like growths
  • 15-40 feet by 1-2 feet
american sycamore
American Sycamore
  • 3-4 lobed leaves, shallow sinuses, 4-7 inches long and broad, palmate, toothed margins
  • Multi-colored, mottled trunks
  • Fruit is a ball 1” diameter
  • 80-110 feet by 3-8 feet
bald cypress
Bald Cypress
  • Leaves are ½ to3/4 inches long and are arranged in a featherlike fashion along two sides of small branchlets
  • Trunk has a broad, fluted based “knee”
  • Bark is dark reddish brown to silver and is finely divided by longitudinal fissures
  • Swamplands
black walnut
Black Walnut
  • Leaves are alternate, 12-24 inches long, 15-23 sharply oval, finely toothed, leaflets that are 2 inches long, pinnately compound
  • Bark is thick dark brown to black, deep fissures
  • Lower slopes to bottomlands
  • 50-90 feet by 2-3 feet
common persimmon
Common Persimmon
  • Leaves are broadly oblong, pointed, 4-6 inches long, small dark veins on the underside
  • Fruit is reddish purple, 1-2 inches and only on females
  • Bark is dark and deeply divided in to small, square plates
  • Not found in mountains
  • Used to make clubheads for golf clubs
eastern red cedar
Eastern red Cedar
  • Leaves are smooth, dark green, 1/16 inch in length, whorls of three
  • Bark is light reddish-brown, think and separates into long, peeling, fibrous strips
  • Found all over
  • 40-50 feet by 1-2 feet
eastern white pine
Eastern White Pine
  • Needles are bluish-green, 3-5 inches, clusters of five, white line on two surfaces of each needle
  • Bark is smooth, greenish on young, dark gray on old
  • Cones are 4-8 inches
  • Does best in mountains
  • 100 feet by 4 feet
  • Largest conifer in East U.S.
loblolly pine
Loblolly Pine
  • Needs occur in clusters of three and are 6-9 inches long
  • Oblong cones are 2-6 inches long, with a spine at the tip of each scale
  • Mature bark is thick, bright reddish to brown and is divided by shallow fissures
  • Coastal Plain throughout the eastern Piedmont
  • 90-110 feet by 2-3 feet
  • Most common and commercially important pine
red maple
Red Maple
  • Leaves are 3-5 lobed, serrated, 2-6 inches long
  • Samaras are reddish in color, V-shaped
  • Bark is smooth and light gray on young, dark gray on old
  • 40-70 feet by 1-2 feet
river birch
River Birch
  • Leaves are oval, pointed, double toothed serrated margins
  • Bark varies from reddish brown to cinnamon red in color and peel back tough papery layers
  • Found on rivers, swamps… not in high mountains
  • 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet
shagbark hickory
Shagbark Hickory
  • Leaves are 8-14 inches long with five (rarely 7) leaflets that are tapered, oval, smoth, and finely toothed
  • Bark is light gray that separates into thick plates a foot or more long
  • Tree likes damp soil
  • Hickory Nuts
  • 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet
southern red oak
Southern Red Oak
  • Irregularly shaped lobes that are narrow and bristle tipped or pear-shaped with three rounded lobes
  • Leaves are dark green above and tan below, 5-9 inches long
  • Bark is rough light gray on young, dark gray on old
  • 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet
  • Higher ridges of Coastal Plain and throughout Piedmont
sweetgum
Sweetgum
  • Leaves are star shaped, 5 deeply separated lobes
  • Bark is light gray, corky scales
  • 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet
  • Grows in swamps, rivers, and even on drier uplands
  • Large, valuable forest tree
white oak
White Oak
  • Leaves are 5-9 inches, 7-9 rounded lobes
  • Acorn is ¾ inche long and chestnut brown when mature
  • Thin bark is light gray and covered in loose scales on broad plates
  • Abundant in the Piedmont and lower mountains, found in Coastal Plains
  • 80-100 feet by 3-4 feet
yellow poplar
Yellow Poplar
  • Tulip tree, composed of four large lobes, 5-6 inches long
  • Bark is light gray
  • Flowers are tulip-like
  • 90-110 feet by 2-5 feet
  • Grows best in deep moist soils of streams and lower mountains
  • Greenish yellow heartwood