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Loyalists vs. Patriots. Lesson Topic. Big Idea. Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King. Key Concepts. Loyalists Patriots Pennsylvania Royalists Tories Virtual Representation. The Sides Are Chosen.

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slide1
Loyalists vs. Patriots

Lesson Topic

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King

Key Concepts

Loyalists

Patriots

Pennsylvania

Royalists

Tories

Virtual Representation

the sides are chosen
The Sides Are Chosen

How might your allegiance during the Revolution play a role in your social status?

How might it effect the way you’re treated during and after the conflict?

loyalists
Loyalists
  • American colonists who remained loyal to Great Britain
  • Often referred to as Tories, Royalists, or King's Men by the Patriots
  • Historians estimate that 15% to 20% of the white population were Loyalists
  • Many fled the country at the start of the revolution

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
who were loyalists
Who were loyalists?
  • They were older
  • Many were merchants and wealthy land owners
  • Active in the Church of England
  • Pennsylvania Dutch were loyalists
    • Feared royal land grants would be in danger
    • Due to idea of a republican form of government
  • About100,000 loyalists left the country after the revolution

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
loyalists demographics
Loyalists Demographics

Dutch colonists tended to be largely loyalists

Patriots outnumbered loyalists throughout the colonies

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
patriots
Patriots
  • Many different backgrounds
  • Many were highly educated and wealthy
  • Majority were ordinary men and women
    • Farmers, mechanics, homemakers, and shopkeepers
  • Middle and lower classes didn’t like economic situation
    • Due to British taxation

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
views of the patriots
Views of the Patriots
  • Believed British taxes were not "legal“
  • Colonists were not directly represented in Parliament
  • British believed in "virtual representation”
    • All members of Parliament represent the interests of all the citizens of the British empire

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
perception of patriots
Perception of Patriots

Popular image of the Patriot

Patriot Call To Arms

Big Idea

  • Two groups emerged, those that supported independence and those that supported the King.
slide9

People have rights government can’t take away, like property

A strong unified British Empire is good for all

Loyalists

Patriots

Colonists are British subjects and should obey British law

Taxation takes away property (i.e. money & goods)

Colonists don’t have voice in Parliament, so they can’t tax colonies (No taxation without representation)

Taxes are due to French & Indian War which was fought to protect colonies

American colonies would be weak without Britain

There’s no way colonies could ever be represented – Parliament’s too far

Colonies profit from trade with England

Many colonists fought in the French & Indian War (we’ve done our part)

Colonies are too far away from England to have representation in Parliament, its just not practical

British personnel are causing violence, riots, and death (Boston Massacre & Tea Party)