Health and Poverty. Dr. Fikriye YILMAZ Department of Health Care Management Faculty of Health Sciences Baskent University. Remarkable progress in economic development and well - being has been accomplished in developing countries over the past half century .
Dr. Fikriye YILMAZ
Department of HealthCareManagement
Faculty of HealthSciences
Remarkableprogress in economicdevelopmentandwell-beinghas beenaccomplished in developingcountriesoverthepasthalfcentury.
Strong economic growth, better access to essential public services and reduced inequalities – in particular as regards gender – are key factors for reducing poverty.
As are sustained, adequately resourced and co-ordinated actions across government policies and development co-operation activities.
Poverty is perceived in various ways
Deprivation of essentialcapabilitiessuch as a longandhealthy life, knowledge, economicresourcesandcommunityparticipation.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
HUMAN POVERTY INDEX
GENDER-RELATED DEVELOPMENT INDEX
In rich countries less than 1 child in 100 does not reach its fifth birthday, while in the poorest countries as many as a fifth of children do not.
And while in rich countries fewer than 5 percent of all children under five are malnourished, in poor countries as many as 50 percent are.
Poverty and ill-health: the vicious circle
Characteristics of the poor
Inadequate service utilization, unhealthy sanitary, dietary practice, etc.
Poor health outcomes
Loss of wages
Costs of health care
Greater vulnerability to catastrophic illness
Lack of income&knowledge,
Poverty in community-social norms, weak institutions and infrastructure, bad environment;
Poor health provision-inaccessible, lack of key inputs, irrellevant services, low quality;
Excluded from health finance system-limited insurance,co-payments
Most of the illnesses associated with poverty areinfectious diseases, such as diarrhoeal illness, malaria, and tuberculosis.
Poor countries and poor people suffer from multiple deprivations that translate into high levels of ill health and disability.
In addition, poor people are also more vulnerableto environmental threats to health, such aspolluted air and water, which undermine thequality of theirlives.
The main determinants of health
Overall one in two households is renters. Renter households pay rental fees averagely 142, 85 YTL. 2 of renter households receive aid from a relative.
Total 28 household members (% 49.1) living in these households have at least one chronic illness/ disability that has lasted more than 6 months. The most common chronic illnesses are hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
11 household members have had any suddenillness or injury such as flu, diarrhea, and a fracture last 4 weeks.