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Seminar on animal health Ankara - 6 December 2004. Identification and registration of animals and movement control. Päivi Virtanen Information Centre of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Finland presented by Philippe Houdart Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain

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identification and registration of animals and movement control

Seminar on animal health

Ankara - 6 December 2004

Identification and registration of animals and movement control

Päivi Virtanen

Information Centre of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Finland

presented by

Philippe Houdart

Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain

crisis prevention and crisis management unit - head of unit

identification and registration of animals and movement control2
Identification and registration of animals and movement control
  • Identification of animals
    • EU Legislation
    • Implementation in Finland
    • Problems and advantages
  • Traces
    • Implementation in Finland
    • Experiences of use
eu legislation bovines
EU legislation - bovines
  • Directive 64/432
    • health problems affecting intra-Community trade in bovine animals and swine
    • art 14 & 18: health surveillance systems and databases
  • Regulation 1760/2000
    • identification and registration of bovines
    • labelling of beef
  • Regulation 911/2004
    • eartags, passports, holding registers
eu legislation bovines4
EU legislation - bovines
  • Regulation 1082/2003 (amended by 499/2004)
    • bovine i&r controls
    • model of reporting controls to Commission
  • Regulation 494/98
    • minimum sanctions
eu legislation bovines5
EU legislation - bovines
  • Regulation 509/1999
    • maximum period for tagging of bisons
  • Regulation 2680/1999
    • identification for bulls intended for cultural and sporting events
  • Decision 2001/672 (2004/318)
    • summer grazing in mountain areas
identification of bovines
Identification of bovines
  • Bovine identification system started in 1995
    • according to directives 92/102 and 64/432
    • national legislation in March 1995
  • Animal identification
    • most bovines tagged before end of 1995
  • Database
    • animal keepers, animals, movements
  • Register on the holding
    • animals and movements
identification of bovines7
Identification of bovines
  • New features according to regulations 820/97 (→1760/2000) and 2629/97 (→911/2004)
    • double tagging
    • time limits for notifying to database
    • orders for slaughterers and animal dealers
    • bovine passport for exported animals
  • New national legislation in January 1999
identification of bovines8
Identification of bovines
  • Continuing improval of the i&r system
  • Renewal of the database in 2003
    • new technical base
    • some changes of the register
      • model of identification codes
      • movements between holdings and owners
      • some new information (embryo transfer, gmo, etc.)
      • management of imported animals
bovine identification controls
Bovine identification controls
  • Controls started in 1998
    • according to regulations 2630/97 (→1082/2003) and 494/98
    • national legislation in August 1998
  • On the spot controls
    • 5% of the holdings
    • inspections by the local EED-centers
    • conclusions and restrictive measures by provincial veterinarians
  • Database for results
  • Controls have improved the identification and registration situation significantly
eu legislation pigs
EU legislation - pigs
  • Directive 92/102
    • identification and registration of animals
  • Directive 64/432 (amended by 2000/15)
    • art 14 & 18: health surveillance systems and databases
  • Decision 2000/678
    • database of holdings
identification of pigs
Identification of pigs
  • Swine identification was started in 1997
    • according to directives 92/102 and 64/432
    • national legislation in 1997
      • June 1997 (database of keepers)
      • December 1997 (identification, register on the holding)
  • Database of pig keepers
  • Animal identification
    • animals identified by eartags or tattoo
    • identification code of the holding
  • Register on the holding
    • animals and movements
identification of pigs12
Identification of pigs
  • Central database of movements in 2002
    • according to directive 2000/15 (64/432)
    • national legislation in December 2001
  • Database
    • movements between holdings
    • number of animals in holding monthly
eu legislation sheep and goats
EU legislation - sheep and goats
  • Directive 92/102
    • identification and registration of animals
  • Regulation 21/2004
    • identification and registration of ovine and cprine animals
identification of sheep and goats
Identification of sheep and goats
  • Identification started in 1997
    • according to directive 92/102
    • national legislation in October 1997
  • Database of sheep and goat keepers
  • Animal identification
    • eartags bearing the identification code of the holding
  • Register on the holding
    • animals and movements
identification of sheep and goats15
Identification of sheep and goats
  • Preparation of a new system in 2004-2005
    • according to regulation 21/2004
    • call for tender for developing the database
  • Individual identification
    • eartags, later also electrical identifiers
  • Central database
    • individual animal information
    • movements
pig sheep and goat identification controls
Pig, sheep and goat identification controls
  • Identification controls started in 2003
  • On the spot controls
    • 5% of pig holdings
    • 10% of sheep and goat holdings
    • inspections by the local EED-centers
    • conclusions and restrictive measures by provincial veterinarians
  • Database for results under construction in 2004
problems in animal identification
Problems in animal identification
  • Definitions in identification legislation
  • Interpretations used in Finland
    • holding = epidemiological unit
      • building, isolated pasture, slaughterhouse, animal transportation vehicle, etc.
    • farm = farming business unit which owns animals
    • owner = person who owns animals
    • keeper = person responsible of animals
  • Commission working groups are important
problems in animal identification18
Problems in animal identification
  • Motivating the animal keepers
    • especially “hobby animal keepers”
  • Methods
    • education and written guides
    • importance of identification in disease control and food tracing
    • animal premiums, premium controls
  • Motivating the authorities
problems in animal identification19
Problems in animal identification
  • Data quality
    • automatic controls of incoming data
    • cross-checking of notifications
    • feedback to animal keepers
      • checklist every two months
    • identification controls
      • risk analysis
    • supervision by central authority
use of animal registers
Use of animal registers
  • Disease control
    • tracing of animals, map system
  • Bovine register check before slaughtering
    • registration status
    • origin of animal
    • possible restrictions or testing orders
  • Automatic alarm of violations of restrictrions
  • Meat labelling
  • IACS system
    • paying of premiums, premium controls
traces
Traces
  • Use of Traces started 1.4.2004 in Finland
    • 1 central unit
    • 16 local units at provincial veterinary offices
    • 5 border inspection posts
  • Registration of Traces users
    • provincial veterinarians register official veterinarians and economic operators
    • BIP:s register economic operators for third country imports
traces22
Traces
  • Setting up the system
    • attending and arranging trainings
    • renewal of national legislation
    • user registration
    • initial load of data - animal dealers, meat and fish establishments, warehouses, etc.
  • Technical problems
    • language versions, scandic letters (å, ä, ö)
    • messages between Animo and Traces
    • codification of products
    • same operators are registered several times
traces23
Traces
  • User comments
    • technical problems
    • system is improving all the time
    • user experience quite positive
    • Traces is more flexible and user friendly than Animo
    • includes useful information