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Eating Disorders. Final/Summative Assignment Brandy Chevalier Student #060923 04:757 Education of Children with Behavioural Disorders II Mary-Anne Ploshynsky August, 2012. Introduction. Eating disorders are constantly glamorized by the media
04:757 Education of Children with Behavioural Disorders II
(upside of inertia, 2010)
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa demand the most attention from society (Macera & Mizes, 2006; Wilson, Becker & Heffernan, 2003)
(Eating Disorder Community, 2012)
Many signs point towards a risk of developing an eating disorder. Parents, health care providers, teachers and coaches should look for the following, especially in teenagers:
Specific to a School Setting
Throughout the adolescent years, individuals experience sudden variations in both their height and their weight. Girls can gain an average of 40 pounds from age 11 to 14. Educators should be concerned about the student who appears to be “perfect” or strives for perfection. Be concerned and speak with an expert if a student consistently shows one or more of the signs/symptoms listed on the following slides.
(NEDA Toolkit for Educators, 2012)
“Don’ts” for Educators Concerned About a Person with an Eating Disorder
Keep focus on reality; that eating disorders result in:
-Disturbance of the self and others
Don’t imply that bulimia nervosa isless serious than anorexia nervosa.
Don’t be judgmental
Don’t give advice about weight loss, exercise, or appearance.
Don’t confront the person as part of a group of people,
Don’t become the person’s therapist, savior, or victim.
Don’t get into an argument or battle of wills. If the person denies having a problem, simply and calmly:
-Repeat what you have observed
-Repeat your concern about their health and well-being
-Repeat your conviction that the circumstances should be evaluated by a counselor or therapist
-End the conversation if it is going nowhere
-Take any actions necessary for you to carry out your responsibilities or to protect yourself
-If possible, leave the door open for further conversations
10. Don’t be inactive during an emergency: If the person is throwing up several times per day, or passing out, or complaining of chest pain, or is suicidal, get professional help immediately
(Levine & Smolak, 2005)
“The Female Athlete Triad (FAT) is a state of imbalance between diet equilibrium, hormone regulation and bone density. And with only one of these slightly out of sync the others will try to adjust often creating a weakness such as going into a state of amenorrhea (menstruation ceases) or getting bone stresses.”
All information on this slide retrieved on August 9, 2012 from http://frostysfootsteps.wordpress.com/2011/07/05/female-athlete-triad-fat/
The following are tips for coaches who deal with adolescents at a risk of developing an eating disorder.
Take warning signs of eating disorders seriously
Refer athletes who are chronically dieting to a health professional
Do not weigh athletes
Don’t assume reducing body fat or weight will enhance performance
Instruct other coaches and trainers to recognize signs and symptoms of eating disorders and understand their role in prevention.
Provide athletes with accurate information regarding weight, weight loss, body composition, nutrition, and sport performance to reduce misinformation and to challenge unhealthy practices
Emphasize the health risks of low weight
Understand why weight is such a sensitive and personal issue for women. Eliminate derogatory comments or behaviors about weight – no matter how slight.
Do not remove athletic participation if an athlete is found to have eating problems, unless warranted by a medical condition
Coaches and trainers should explore their own values and attitudes regarding weight, dieting, and body image, and how their values and attitudes may inadvertently affect their athletes.
Educational professionals in contact with adolescents who are highly susceptible to acquiring an eating disorder need to be aware of the signs and symptoms of both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. They must also be aware that the body image ideals that they have set for themselves are evident to their students as are their biases and assumptions that they make relating to appearances. When suspecting that a student is suffering from an eating disorder, educational professionals need to be present for their student while ensuring that they are following necessary professional conduct required of their job and refer that student to a medical professional when it becomes evident that the situation requires medical attention.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (4thed, text). American Psychiatric Publishing.
Eating Disorder Community. (2012). Life with an eating disorder. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/prettythin/6761603239/
HealthCommunities.com (2011). Eating disorders. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.healthcommunities.com/eating-disorders/anorexia-bulimia-symptoms.shtml
Heart, A. (2010). Self: and you’re my obsession, I love you to the bones. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/soundlessfall/4713541894/
Helm, D. (2009). Comparison. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/daniellehelm/3963668758/
Kauffman, J.M., & Landrum, T.J. (2013). Characteristics of emotional and behavioral disorders of children and youth (10th ed.). (pp 281-283). Upper Saddle River: Pearson.
Kratina, K. (2005). Tips for coaches: Preventing eating disorders in athletes. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/nedaDir/files/documents/ handouts/TipCoach.pdf
Levine, M. & Smolka, L. (2005). The role of the educator: Some “don’ts” for educators and others concerned about a person with an eating disorder. Retrieved August 9,2012 from http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/uploads/file/information- resources/The%20Role%20of%20the%20Educator- Some%20Don'ts%20for%20Educators%20and%20Others.pdf
Macera, M.H., & Mizes, J.S. (2006). Eating disorders. In M. Hersen (Ed.), Clinician’s handbook of child behavioral assessment (pp. 437-457). Boston: Academic.
National Eating Disorders Association. (2012). Information and Resources. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/information-resources/
Robb, A.S., & Dadson, M.J. (2002). Eating disorders in males. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of north america, 11, 399-418.
Upside of inertia. (2010). Masters-apprentice. Retrieved August 9, 2012 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/53748207@N08/5233947439
Wilson, G.T., Becker, C.B., & Heffernan, K. (2003). Eating disorders. In E.J. Mash & R.A. Barkley (eds.).Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp 687-715). New York: Guilford