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Emergency Communication over IP
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  1. Emergency Communication over IP Matt Lepinski mlepinski@bbn.com

  2. What is Emergency Communication (EC)? Citizen-to-Authority Communication Authority-to-Citizen Communication Why EC over IP? How might EC over IP work? Examples What is required to do EC over IP? Location Standardized Interfaces to Location Who’s working on EC over IP? How can you learn more about EC over IP? Outline

  3. What is Emergency Communication? • Citizen-to-Authority • Calls routed to the nearest police/fire/medical dispatcher • 1-1-2 on GSM phones and in Europe • 1-1-1 in New Zealand • 9-1-1 in North America • Authority-to-Citizen • Geographically targeted disaster warnings • Earthquake, Tsunami, Hurricane, etc

  4. Why EC over IP? • A growing number of mobile devices support IP • iPhone, 3GPP, Blackberry, etc • People are using Laptops in more and more places • Hotels, coffee shops, convention centers, etc • VoIP and Real-Time Text Messaging are growing • Skype, Google Talk, Vonage, etc • Goal: Any IP-device on any network can request help or receive warnings anywhere in the world

  5. Citizen-to-Authority Example Location to Service Mapping Database reference to dispatcher location Location Server Routing Element signaling w/ location location signaling w/ location Emergency Dispatcher media

  6. Citizen-to-Authority Example Location to Service Mapping Database location de-reference location de-reference reference to dispatcher location reference Location Server Routing Element signaling w/ location reference location reference signaling w/ location reference Emergency Authority media

  7. Authority-to-Citizen Example Location Server Location to Service Mapping Database location location reference to authority Register Emergency Authority Alert

  8. Authority-to-Citizen Example Location to Service Mapping Database reference to authority location Location Server Network Element location Register Alert Alert Emergency Authority

  9. What’s required to do EC over IP? • Location • Location is required to route emergency requests, and to determine which alerts to deliver • Access network has a key role in locating a device • E.g. Network topology data to locate wired devices • E.g. GPS-assist or Wi-Fi triangulation data to locate wireless devices • Good News: Other non-emergency services are also driving location • Location-based advertising • “How do I get to the nearest grocery store?” • “Which of my buddies are nearby?”

  10. What’s required to do EC over IP? • Standardized Interfaces to Location • A device needs a small number of mechanisms to obtain either its location (or a reference to its location) • E.g. DHCP, HELD, SUPL, etc • An access network needs to provide location (or location references) via one of these mechanisms • Applications need to an API that provides location • Emergency Authorities need a standardized format for location

  11. Who’s working on EC over IP? • Standards Bodies • IETF (ECRIT and GEOPRIV) • 3GPP, 3GPP2 • OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) • OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) • Wi-Max Forum • ETSI TISPAN • OASIS

  12. Who’s working on EC over IP? • Emergency Services Workshop Series • Every 6 months since October 2006 • Next workshop is October in Vienna, Austria • Broad participation from Europe and North America • Standards Developers • Regulators • Network Operators • Emergency Services Operators • Seeking participation from the Asia-Pacific Region • Trying for 2009 workshop in this region • Goals: • Standards alignment between standards bodies • Standards that meet the needs of all stake-holders

  13. How can you learn more? • Contact me: mlepinski@bbn.com • ESW website: http://www.emergency-services-coordination.info/ • ESW mailing list: es-coordination@lists.cs.columbia.edu

  14. Thank You Matt Lepinski mlepinski@bbn.com