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Welcome to My Class. Teaching Aims. Review the words learned in the last two periods Learn and master direct and indirect speech. Teaching Important and Difficult Points. How to guess the missing words according to the given sentences

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teaching aims
Teaching Aims
  • Review the words learned in the last two periods
  • Learn and master direct and indirect speech
teaching important and difficult points
Teaching Important and Difficult Points
  • How to guess the missing words according to the given sentences
  • Master the interchange of the direct and indirect speech in declarative and interrogative sentences
  • Master the changes of the prons ,tenses,adverbials,in the interchanges of direct and indirect speech
My friend is_.He never tells lies.

I like pop music,and she likes _music,but we are good friends.

I think a good friend should not only share happiness,but also_.

Although father and I often_with each other,we are good friends.

Many people keep dogs as pets,because dogs are regarded as _friends to people.

If you were alone on a deserted island,you would have to learn to collect water and _food.

The young man is very _ _ history.He reads book about it every day.

She is a_ girl.She is never afraid of anything.

There will be many people at the theatre,so we will go there early _ _ _ get seats.

If someone is quick in minds and action,we say he is _.






Hunt for

Fond of /interested in


In order to /so as to


Defination of direct speech:it refers to the quotation of one’s speech

Defination of indirect speech: it refers to the report of one’s speech

Eg: “I like reading stories.”said John

John said that he liked reading stories

difference of them
Difference of them
  • Quotation mark in the direct speech ,but no one in the indirect speech.
  • An object clause in the indirect speech,but no one in the direct speech.
changes in the two forms
Changes in the two forms(一二)
  • Changes in the personal pronouns. (一) eg:He said,”I like it very much.”----He said that he liked it very much.
  • Changes in tense.(二)
  • The simple present tense ---the simple past tense eg:he said,”I am afraid that I can not finish the work.”---he said that he was afraid he could not finish the work.
  • The present progressive---the past progressive eg:he said,”I am using the knife.”---he said that he was using the knife.
  • The present perfect---the past perfect eg:she said,”I have not heard from him since May.”---she said that she had not heard from him since May.
  • The simple past---the past perfect eg:he said,”I came to help you.”---he said that he had come to help me.
  • The past perfect---the past perfect eg:he said,”I had finished my homework before supper.”---he said that he had finished his homework before supper.
  • The simple future---the past future eg: she said,”I will do it after class.”---she said that she would do it after class.
changes in the two forms1
Changes in the two forms(三)
  • The changes of demonstrative pronouns,time,advs,place advs and some verbs
  • This---that eg:she said,”I will finish the work this morning.”---she said that she would finish the work that morning
  • These---those eg:he said,”these books are mine.”---he said that those books were his.
  • Now---then eg:he said,”it is nine o’clock now.”---he said that it was nine o’clock then.
  • Today---yesterday eg:he said,”I have not seen her today.”---he said that he had not seen her yesterday.
  • Yesterday---the day before eg:she said,”I was not there yesterday.”---she said that she was not there the day before.
  • Tomorrow---the next day/follwing day eg:she said,”I’ll go there tomorrow.”---she said that she would go there the day before.
  • Ago---before eg:she said,”he left 30 minutes ago.”---she said that he left 30 minutes before.
  • Here---there eg:he said,”my sister was here a week ago.”---he said that his sister was there a week before.
  • Come---go eg:she said,”I’ll come here this evening.”---she said that she would go there that evening.
changes in special cases
Changes in special cases( 四)
  • If the content is objective true,it is not necessary to change tense in indirect speech. Eg:he said,”light travels much faster than sound.”---he said that light travels much faster than sound.
  • It is not necessary for us to change “here,come,yesterday,etc.”into “there,go,the day before,etc.”in a given time and place
  • If it is a general question in direct speech,we should use”if,whether”to introduce object clause in the indirect speech,and the verb “said”should change to “asked” eg:he said,”are you interested in english?”---he asked if I was interested in english.
  • If it is a special question in direct speech,we should use the original interrogative in indirect speech. Eg:”how could you do that?”Mary asked Ann---Mary asked Ann how could Ann do that
summary and homework
Summary and Homework
  • Review the content and remember the rules of changes in the interchanges of them
  • Do exercises on page88