the rise of political extremism n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Rise of Political Extremism PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Rise of Political Extremism

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

The Rise of Political Extremism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Rise of Political Extremism. Problems Mussolini Stalin Franco Hitler Culture. The Search for Stability. League of Nations French Demands Reparations- 132 bil. Marks ($33 bil. US) Unable to pay Ruhr Valley occupation German Inflation Dawes Plan- loans and flexible payments

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Rise of Political Extremism' - warren


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the rise of political extremism

The Rise of PoliticalExtremism

Problems

Mussolini

Stalin

Franco

Hitler

Culture

the search for stability
The Search for Stability

League of Nations

French Demands

  • Reparations- 132 bil. Marks ($33 bil. US)
  • Unable to pay
  • Ruhr Valley occupation

German Inflation

  • Dawes Plan- loans and flexible payments

Treaty of Locarno

  • Guaranteed Germany’s borders
  • Kellogg-Briand pact- renounced war
the great depression
The Great Depression

Causes:

  • Individual national economies
  • Farm overproduction
  • US Stock Market
    • Loans to Germany
    • Investment in Europe

Responses

  • Unemployment
    • England- 25%
    • Germany- 40%
  • Increase in government involvement in the economy
  • Renewed interest in Marxism
  • Willingness of people to follow leaders who can offer solutions
the rise of dictators
The Rise of Dictators

Totalitarian State- a government that wants to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of the people

Wanted to conquer the hearts and minds of the people

  • Propaganda
  • Modern communications

Single leader

  • No individual freedom
  • Collective will of the masses
italy benito mussolini il duce
Italy- Benito Mussolini “Il Duce”

Fascism-  a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition

  • Opposed communists- “Blackshirts”
  • Patriotic/nationalistic appeal
  • Secret Police- OVRA
  • Women
  • Catholic Church
soviet union joseph stalin
Soviet Union- Joseph Stalin

Power struggle in Politburo

  • Trotsky vs Stalin
  • Industrialization and worldwide communist revolution vs strong socialist state and continuation of Lenin’s New Economic Policy
  • Stalin was general secretary of the Communist Party
    • He used this position to gain complete control
    • Ran out all of the old Bolsheviks including Trotsky
stalin s leadership
Stalin’s Leadership

Five-Year Plans

  • Goals
    • Transform Russia from agricultural to industrial
    • Maximum production of goods
  • Results
    • Huge increase in urban population
    • Very poor conditions
    • Strict laws
  • Collectivization- private farms eliminated; instead, the government owned all of the land while the peasants worked it
stalin s leadership con t
Stalin’s Leadership, con’t

Costs of the Programs

  • 10 million peasants died in famines
    • Stalin allowed workers one small garden to own
  • Strengthened his control
    • People who resisted were sent to forced labor camps
    • Great Purge- eliminated the Old Bolsheviks
      • 8 million Russians arrested
hitler
Hitler

Became leader of the German Workers’ Party

  • Changed the name to National Socialist German Workers’ Party- Nazi for short

Led Beer Hall Putsch- failed

  • In jail, wrote Mein Kampf
    • German nationalism
    • Anti-Semitism
    • Social Darwinism
nazism
Nazism

Achieved power through democracy

Became the biggest party in the Reichstag

Great Depression

  • National pride/honor
  • Traditional militarism

Enabling Act- allowed the gov’t to ignore the constitution for four years to deal with crisis

Hitler as Fuhrer

the nazi state
The Nazi State

Totalitarian

Aryan (misused term)

Opposition eliminated

Heinrich Himmler- SS

  • Terror and ideology

Massive rearmament

Spectacles

Women’s roles

Anti-Semitic policies

  • Nuremburg Laws
  • Kristallnacht