Bacon’s Instauratio Magna (“The Great Beginning”) of 1605-1620. What could have prompted Bacon to write about this? What is he worried about? What does the existing way of thinking lack? What does he want thinkers to do differently than they have been doing?
Voyaging from Peru on a long journey through the South Seas, a group of travelers accidentally come upon an uncharted island which has a mysterious culture. Called Bensalem, this culture is wonderfully perfect. It is rich, technically advanced, and peaceful. Its citizens are happy. The travelers are at once given luxurious accommodations by the island’s leaders and made to feel welcome and comfortable. Then, they are left free to tour the island, to marvel at its beauty and organization. Later that evening, they meet with the island’s leader, who reveals to the admiring travelers, the secret of his culture
The purpose of our society is the knowledge of causes and secret motions of things, and the enlarging of the boundaries of human pursuits, so that we may accomplish all things possible.
Each document describes one important and admirable aspect of Bensalem’s scientific utopia
All animals eventually die.
A cat is an animal
Therefore, a cat will eventually die
Who wrote, “I am much occupied with the investigation of the physical causes. My aim in this is to show that the machine of the universe is not similar to a divine animated being, but similar to a clock.”
What does this quote say about the changing view of universe and nature?