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The War at Home Wilson Fights for Peace PowerPoint Presentation
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The War at Home Wilson Fights for Peace

The War at Home Wilson Fights for Peace

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The War at Home Wilson Fights for Peace

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  1. The War at HomeWilson Fights for Peace Section 3 pgs. 569-576 Section 4 pgs. 577-581

  2. War Industries Board and Economy • WIB • Established in 1917 and led by Bernard M. Baruch • Encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency and urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products. • Changes in women's clothing • Union membership climbed • 8hr day push along with end to child labor • Women entered workplace and were earning the same as men

  3. Selling the War • Raised money • Steeper income tax (which taxed high incomes at a higher rate than low incomes) • Higher taxes on tobacco, liquor, and luxury goods • War bonds

  4. Attacks on Civil Liberties • Immigrants who were from countries like German were attacked on a regular basis • Espionage and Sedition Acts • Similar to the Alien and Sedition Acts • Person could be fined up to $10,000 and/or sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the draft, obstructing the sale of government bonds, or saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government of the United States

  5. Social Changes • The Great Migration • Movement of African Americans from the South to the North • Lived in ghettos • The Flu Epidemic • Brought from France • Killed almost 500,000 Americans • Ran out of coffins

  6. Wilson at Versailles • Europe loved President Wilson • Fourteen Points • No secret treaties • Everyone has freedom of the seas • Free trade should be established • Arms race should end and arms should be reduced • Colonial policies should best serve the interest of colonial people. • League of Nations • Promote World Peace

  7. Treaty of Versailles • Big Four – Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Orland • United States, France, Great Britain, Italy • Only people invited • Demilitarized Germany • Required Germany to pay reparations to the Allies ($33 billion) • War-guilt cause – forced Germany to admit its guilt

  8. The Treaty’s Weaknesses • 1. Humiliated Germany • 2. Upset Russia that they had fought for 3 years and lost the most men, but were not even invited to the meeting and had to give up more land than Germany • 3. International instability on what to do with the colonies.

  9. America opposes the League • American’s didn’t want to join the League of Nations • Felt that it would get us to involved with Europe • Wilson had a stroke trying to rally support • Never passed in Congress, but Americans did attend some meetings

  10. The Legacy of War • Severe depression in Germany • Rise of Adolf Hitler • Blamed Jews and other “misfits” for the loss of WWI • 1933 • Americans wanted a “return to normalcy” • 1920s