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The War at Home

The War at Home

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The War at Home

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  1. The War at Home

  2. Some went to war… …while others stayed home

  3. What was the impact of WWI in America? • Propaganda • War Industries Board • Selective Service Act • Espionage and Sedition Acts • Conflict over freedom of speech and actions • Great Migration

  4. Propaganda • Information, especially of a biased nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause • The Committee on Public Information was a government agency whose focus was to popularize the war through propaganda

  5. War Industries Board • Established 1917 • Goal: increase efficiency and eliminate waste in industrial production • Method: production quotas and allocation of raw materials • Result: industrial production increased by 20% during the war

  6. Selective Service Act • A law enacted in 1917 that required men to register for military service • By the end of 1918, 24 million men had registered under the act and almost 3 million were called to duty • Led to some people declaring themselves to be conscientious objectors, people who oppose warfare on moral grounds

  7. Espionage and Sedition Acts • Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I • Vocab explanation: • “Espionage” means spying to obtain political information • “Sedition” means conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of the state

  8. Schenck v. United States • Charles Schenckdistributed leaflets to protest the draft • A lower court convicted him of sedition and sentenced him to prison, but he argued that this was a violation of his right to free speech. • Schenck took his case to the Supreme Court in 1919 hoping that the lower court’s decision would be revoked based on his first amendment rights

  9. Great Migration • The large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to northern cities in the early 20th century • The war accelerated this movement because it created job opportunities in the North • Manufacturing • Stockyards • Steel mills • Munitions plants

  10. How would you summarize the impacts of World War I in America?