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Jane McCullough, Soojin Kim, Se June Han

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Which high school students are more willing to lend money to strangers: students in Seoul, Korea or students in Normal, Illinois?. Jane McCullough, Soojin Kim, Se June Han. Tentative Hypothesis:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Which high school students are more willing to lend money to strangers: students in Seoul, Korea or students in Normal, Illinois?

Jane McCullough, Soojin Kim, Se June Han

slide2

Tentative Hypothesis:

  • We believe that high school students in Illinois will be hesitant and not give a great amount of money but students in Seoul will be greatly hesitant but give more money.
  • Why?
  • We believe so becausethe students in Korea may need more money immediately (such as public transportation) but are more trusting (as seen in the stores that have less protection and precaution) and thus lend more money. On the other hand, the students in Illinois would be hesitant since so much crime is shown in TV despite the decreasing crime rates and thus not give as much money since they believe they won’t get repaid. Many U.S teenagers use debit cards which indicates that not many people carry cash. U.S students that have jobs are more hesitant to give their hard-earned money.
procedure
Procedure

* All currency in dollars*

procedure1
Procedure

* All currency in dollars*

slide6
Students in Seoul

Students in Normal, Illinois

gender
Gender

Males were willing to lend more money than women did

slide8
Students in Seoul

Students in Normal, Illinois

excuses

What excuses did students make

Excuses

when they refused to lend money?

analysis
Analysis
  • Unexpected result
    • Exactly 14 students did not give money and 16 students gave money to the experimenter in both countries
    • However, the amount of money that was given seemed to differ greatly from the two countries.
    • Korean students gave more money than the students in Illinois as the Korean average was $12.25 and that of Illinois was $2.25
analysis1
Analysis
  • Other side results showed that males tended to be more helpful than females with a ratio of 5:3.
  • We can conclude that neither Seoul nor Normal was more altruistic or helpful than the other, but students in Seoul were willing to provide more money than students in Normal.
analysis2
Analysis
  • Out hypothesis was only partially correct
    • Incorrect in assuming that Normal students would be more willing to help others since both showed surprisingly the same amount of help
    • Correct in assuming that students in Seoul would give more money to the experimenters
analysis3
Analysis
  • The results seemed to contradict our literature reviews:
    • The article that concluded American culture was more altruistic due to the portrayal of helping and the role it played in American life
    • The gender results also refuted the article that women were more altruistic
possible flaws
Possible Flaws

We had to change a few of our procedures due to students’ critiques

Appearance of the person could have given an impression of trustworthiness or affluence and might have affected the answer

It was inevitable for different people to conduct the experiment in different locations (female conducting experiment in a mall)

The difference in people could lead to different styles of talking and nuances while the difference in locations could lead to the different kind of students who were around there