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Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire?
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  1. Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? HW: Using the last two slides of the presentation, write a paragraph explaining the importance of the Royal Road. Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  2. 5 Pillars of Islam Muhammad Moses Pharaoh Ziggurat Mummification Hammurabi 10 Commandments A. Leader of Jews B. Babylonian Temple C. Egyptian King D. Created a Law Code E. Muslim practices F. Jewish law G. Muslim messenger H. Preserve the dead Do Now E G A C B H D F Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  3. The Rise of Persia • The Persians based their empire on tolerance and diplomacy. They relied on a strong military to back up their policies. Ancient Persia is where Iran is today. Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  4. The Extent of the Persian Empire Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  5. Cyrus the Great Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  6. Cyrus’ Empire • 550 BC – Conquered several neighboring kingdoms • Military genius • Controlled an empire spanning 2000 miles • Kindness toward conquered people • Honored local customs and religions • 538 BC - Allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, Jerusalem • Considered by the Jews to be one of God’s anointed ones Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  7. Primary Source • “This is the word of Cyrus king of Persia: The Lord, God of heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he himself has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem in Judah. To every man of his people now among you I say, God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem in Judah, and rebuild the house of the Lord God of Israel, the God whose city is Jerusalem.” • What type of ruler was Cyrus based on this quote? Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  8. Cambyses • Son of Cyrus • Did not follow his father’s wise example • He tried to destroy Egyptian culture after he conquered it. • Died after 8 years of rule • Many rebellions in the empire Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  9. Darius Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  10. Darius • Member of the king’s body guard • Overthrew the king in 522 BC • Took power and created a well-organized efficient government • Brought peace and stability • Expanded the empire by 500 miles • But could not conquer Greece Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  11. Persian Empire, 500 BC 1. List the parts of the empire that were expanded by Cambyses. Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  12. The Royal Road • 1,677 miles long • 111 relay stations • Other smaller roads branched off the royal road • Relay stations had rest areas and fresh horses. • The entire royal road could be traveled in a week by a horsemen • Caravans took about a month Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review

  13. How would the royal road enable a ruler to maintain power in the empire? Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Do Now: Matching Review