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The Early Republic 1789-1814. Big Ideas: America got off to a rocky start as a new nation George Washington created the office of President Political Parties divided the nation after the Revolutionary War England never got over losing the Rev. War and brought on a second war in 1812.

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the early republic 1789 1814
The Early Republic 1789-1814
  • Big Ideas:
    • America got off to a rocky start as a new nation
    • George Washington created the office of President
    • Political Parties divided the nation after the Revolutionary War
    • England never got over losing the Rev. War and brought on a second war in 1812
slide2
Constitution ratified 1789
  • Political Parties are born
    • Federalists: Washington, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton
      • Favored: THE RICH, CITIES, and MERCHANTS
    • Republicans (Anti-Federalists): Jefferson, Madison
      • Favored: THE POOR, FARMERS
washington s presidency 2 terms 8 years
Washington’s Presidency2 terms: 8 years
  • “INVENTS” the presidency: No official party but really a Federalist
  • Vice President: John Adams
  • Strong Cabinet:
    • Jefferson (Rep) Sec. of State,
    • Hamilton (Fed) Sec. of Treasury,
problems faced by washington
Problems faced by Washington
  • Deals with new POLITICAL PARTIES (Rep. v. Feds)
  • Britain still on US territory and bothering US ships
  • Crushes WHISKEY REBELLION: Farmers did not want to pay a Whiskey Tax.
  • Washington uses army to make them pay, shows power of new government
john adams background
JOHN ADAMS: Background
  • Massachusetts politician
  • Federalist
  • Extremely Intelligent
  • Not well liked; difficult to get along with
  • Great American; bad politician
  • Married to Abigail; loved her a bunch
  • Loves England; Hates France
major events of adams presidency
Major events of Adams Presidency
  • One term PRESIDENT (4 years)
    • 2 BIG EVENTS OF ADAMS PRESIDENCY:
  • 1. XYZ Affair: almost went war with FRANCE over bribery incident
major events of adams presidency1
MAJOR EVENTS OF ADAMS PRESIDENCY
  • 2. Alien and Sedition Acts: Federalists makes it a crime to say bad things about the government
  • UNCONSTITUTIONAL (1st Amendment)
  • Adams reputation is ruined.
adams presidency failure
ADAMS PRESIDENCY=FAILURE
  • GREATEST ACCOMPLISHMENT: 1.Avoiding war with France.
  • 2. Fights against his own party (Federalists) when he thought it was the right thing to do.
  • PROBLEMS:
    • XYZ AFFAIR
    • ALIEN AND SEDITION ACT
thomas jefferson s presidency

Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency

  • FIRST REPUBLICAN PRESIDENT
  • AUTHOR OF DELCARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  • SLAVEOWNER
  • VIRGINIAN
  • HIGH IDEALS, DIDN’T ALWAYS ACCOMPLISH HIS GOALS

1801-1809 2 Terms

jefferson s presidency
JEFFERSON’S PRESIDENCY
  • Jefferson first of three Presidents in a row from Virginia = VIRGINIA DYNASTY (Jeff, Mad, Mon)
  • GREATEST ACCOMPLISHMENT
    • LOUSIANA PURCHASE

1803 Jefferson purchases the LOUISIANA TERRITORY

From the French

    • 2 cents an acre!
    • DOUBLES THE SIZE OF THE UNITED STATES!!!!
slide12
LOUISIANA PURCHASE 1803

Jefferson sends LEWIS AND CLARK to explore the new territory.

New Western border: Rocky Mountains

US gets control of NEW ORLEANS: Critical for shipping goods down the MISSISSIPPI

jefferson s failure
JEFFERSON’S FAILURE
  • England continued to harass AMERICAN SHIPS
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