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Guernica , 1937 by Pablo Picasso

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Guernica , 1937 by Pablo Picasso

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  1. Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso Shannon Frost and Mary Catherine Taylor August 12, 1999

  2. Pablo Picasso • Born in Spain • Known as the most famous artist of the 20th century • Lived from 1881-1973 • Pablo Picasso is considered a Modernist in terms of art history

  3. Guernica

  4. Historical Context of Guernica, 1937 • Commissioned by the Spanish Republican Government to create a mural • The Spanish Civil War broke out July 18, 1937 • The massacre of the village Guernica became the image for the mural

  5. Biographical Context: Why the Spanish Civil War Affected Picasso? • Picasso was a Spaniard with strong populist beliefs • He was moved by the tragedy of the war

  6. Aesthetic Analysis of Guernica • Elements • Line • Shape / Form • Space • Texture • Value • Color • Arrangement of the elements

  7. Lines • Thin lines • Mechanical Lines • Organic lines • Fine point instrument • Asymmetrical • Not drawn to scale • Horizontal, vertical, and curved lines

  8. Shape and Form • Triangles • Ovals • Rectangles • Square • Circles

  9. Space • Two-dimensional perspective

  10. Texture • Combination • Some objects appear smooth, no brush strokes or scratch marks • Some objects appear rough

  11. Value • There is high contrast between light and dark in this work • There is no evidence of a light source because there are no shadows

  12. Color • Somber tones of gray • Charcoal • Black • White

  13. Shannon and Mary Catherine’s Critical Interpretation • Pain and despair • Abandonment of hope • Cubist in origin

  14. Critical Interpretation by Scholars • There is no hope depicted in the colors, figures, and complex symbolism • Bull is brutality and darkness • Horse represents the innocence of the civilian victims • The weeping woman is Picasso’s mistress, Dora

  15. Educational Interpretation • Lesson Plan • School Setting • Rational • Virginia Standards of Learning • Art Objectives

  16. Lesson Plan