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The French Revolution Day 2. PSD: “What is the Third Estate?”. Vocab: Enfeeble : make weak. Written by Abbe Sieyes in 1789 Political pamphlet Pretty much shows us the social, political and economic complaints of the ________. (HTC: causes and consequence).

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psd what is the third estate
PSD: “What is the Third Estate?”

Vocab:

Enfeeble: make weak

Written by Abbe Sieyes in 1789

Political pamphlet

Pretty much shows us the social, political and economic complaints of the ________. (HTC: causes and consequence).

React in role, please, as delegates to the Estates General.

AssembleeNationale, Grands moments d’eloquenceparlementaire, N.d., http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/histoire/sieyes-mirabeau-bergasse-15-17juin1789.asp (Oct. 16, 2013).

bastille
Bastille

Mount Holyoke College, The Fall of the Bastille, N.d., https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255/kat_anna/fallofbast.html (Oct. 15, 2013). ; Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution, Taking of the Bastille, N.d., http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/d/45/ (Oct. 15, 2013).

violence in the revolution
Violence in the Revolution

Storming the Bastille by the Paris mob (led by bourgeoisie). What was the Bastille a symbol of?

Bread riots led by women. What is the significance of bread?

Peasant revolts against landlords in the country side. They are reacting against __________.

psd the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen
PSD: “The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen”

Vocab:

Calamities: disaster and distress

Inalienable rights: That which is inalienable cannot be bought, sold, or transferred from one individual to another.

Imprescriptible rights: those which can not be taken away

Disquieted: worried or anxious

  • In role:
    • Identify the article your estate likes most. Why?
    • Identify one article your estate can live with. Why?
    • Identify the article your estate hates the most. Why?
the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen
“The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen”
  • In role in mixed groups:
    • What can you agree on?
    • What can you agree to disagree on?
the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen1
“The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen”
  • Out of Role:
    • What is the bias of the document?
    • What problems with the revolution are being foreshadowed here?
      • Tensions?
      • Disagreements?
dealing with religion
Dealing with Religion

Lynn Hunt, Introduction to Western Civilization, The French Revolution, UCLA, N.d., http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/history/hunt/classes/1c/French%20Revolution.htm (Oct. 15, 2013).

reform of the church
Reform of the Church
  • In July 1790 the National Assembly passed the Civil Constitution of the Clergy that…
    • Nationalized church lands (put under state control) to raise money for the state
    • Lowered the number of bishops
    • Paid priests’ salaries by the state
    • Required an oath of loyalty to France and the new constitution
        • The overall theme that we are seeing here is ______________________.
reform of the church1
Reform of the Church
  • This split the clergy: Those who accepted the reforms were called the constitutional clergy
  • Those who rejected them were called the refractory clergy

Led to civil war in some regions of France (HTC: cause and consequence)

In Role: Describe your comfort level on a scale of 0 -10 (0= extremely uncomfortable, 10=very comfortable) with the Reform of the Church.

1

10

french government in the first phase of revolution
French Government in the First Phase of Revolution
  • National Assembly abolished feudalism
  • Started working on Constitution (eventually finished in 1791)
    • National Assembly was a 1 house (unicameral) legislature (quicker changes can be made)
    • Elected by 2/3 of Frenchmen called active voters (those who paid above a certain amount in taxes)
    • The King had suspensive veto, meaning he could delay legislation, but not block it forever
    • The King was in charge of foreign relations but he couldn’t declare war
    • Basically it was a constitutional monarchy!
constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy

National Assembly

Monarch

Voters are mainly …

in role
In Role…
  • Reactions?
  • Does the constitution favour the National Assembly or the king more?
  • Would anyone like to adjust their comfort level on the scale?
  • Out of Role: Foreshadowing:
    • Tensions?
    • Disagreements?
sounds good what went w rong
Sounds Good…What Went Wrong?
  • The King tried to escape the Austrian Netherlands in summer 1791 he was brought back to Paris
  • Other nobles were leaving France (called emigres)
    • Some were plotting the overthrow of this new government from outside of the country
  • The National Assembly became the Legislative Assembly (after the constitution was finished)
  • The Girondins (a political faction [group] within the National Assembly) declared war against the enemies of the revolution ( most of Europe) in 1792  wanted to take the revolution international and spread it
louis arrives back in paris
Louis Arrives Back in Paris

David M. Luebke, University of Oregon, Modern Europe, N.d.,

http://pages.uoregon.edu/dluebke/301ModernEurope/Duplessi-BertauxReturnfromVarenne.jpg (Oct. 15, 2013).

what went wrong con t
What went wrong con’t…

The Sans Culottes (Paris workers, lower classes) were unhappy with their lack of power (they were not active citizens)

They called for a National Convention to write a new constitution without a monarch

This became the Second Revolution

second revolution
Second Revolution
  • Jacobins (a political group, mostly bourgeoisie) had the support of the Sans Culottes
  • They called for the execution of the king and the creation of a republic (gov’t without a monarchy)
  • Louis XVI was executed by guillotine in 1793
  • Now Jacobins were in control of gov’t and wanted to eliminate any internal opposition to their regime
    • This became known as the “Reign of Terror”
homework
Homework

Read and take notes on pages 165, 167, and 169 in text

Fill in quiz sheet as needed

adieu louis
Adieu, Louis

Lynn Hunt, Introduction to Western Civilization, The French Revolution, UCLA, N.d., http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/history/hunt/classes/1c/French%20Revolution.htm (Oct. 15, 2013).