Herbaria and Database Systems Michael G. Simpson. What is an herbarium?. A place where preserved plant collections are kept, usually pressed and dried plant specimens attached to a sheet of paper = herbarium specimen. Function or purpose of herbaria?. Maintain plant specimens
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A place where preserved plant collections are kept,
usually pressed and dried plant specimens attached to a sheet of paper
= herbarium specimen
Maintain plant specimens
Act as centers of plant systematics research
Homlgren, P. K., N. H. Holmgren, and L. C. Barnett, eds. 1990. Index herbariorum, part I: The herbaria of the world, 8th ed. New York: New York Botanical Garden.
http://www.nybg.org/bsci/ih/ih.html (continuously updated)
Herbarium Year Founded Acronym Specimens
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris France 1635 P,PC 9,500,000
New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, U.S.A. 1891 NY 7,000,000
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, U.K. 1841 K 7,000,000
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Genève, Switzerland 1824 G 6,000,000
Komarov Botanical Institute, St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Russia 1823 LE 5,770,000
Missouri botanical Garden, Saint Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. 1859 MO 5,400,000
The Natural Hisotry Museum, London, England, U.K. 1753 BM 5,200,000
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 1864 GH 5,005,000
Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria 1807 W 5,000,000
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden 1739 S 4,400,000
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 1848 US, USNC 4,368,000
Institute de Botanique, Montpellier, France 1845 MPU 4,000,000
Université de Lyon, Villeurbane, France 1924 LY 4,000,000
Universitatis Florentinae, Museo botanico, Firenze, Italy 1842 FI 3,650,000
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany 1895 JE 3,000,000
Person responsible for running the herbarium.
Permanent number associated with each specimen.
Usually written with herbarium acronym:
Herbarium cabinet /compactor, with sealed door.
Genus folders stored,may be color-coded: alphabetical or by classification system.
Handle carefully, gen. don’t turn upside-down.
2) Documents removal of plant material
Different types of data?
Inputting, organization, and accessing of information.
Data may answer questions in plant taxonomy.
Date of Collection
Collector: First Name
Collector: Last Name
Certainty of identification
Plant featuresFlower color, phenology, plant habit, size, etc.
Geography (specific latitude/longitude)Maps
HabitatSubstrate type, topography
Flora - treatment documenting all plants of a given region,e.g., Flora of Palomar Mountain State Park
Monograph - treatment documenting all taxa of a given taxonomic groupe.g., Monograph of the genus Tephrosia