New Realism after the 1980s. Works by Young Auteurs. Table of Contents. 1) Schema and Formula in Art 2) Schema and Formula in Cinema 3) Realism after the 1980s 4) Filmmakers of New Realism. Schema and Formula.
Works by Young Auteurs
1) Schema and Formula in Art
2) Schema and Formula in Cinema
3) Realism after the 1980s
4) Filmmakers of New Realism
SCHEMA OR FORMULA
‘The trained drawer acquire a mass of schemata by which he can produce a schema of an animal, a flower or a house quickly upon paper. This serves as a support for the representation of his memory images and he gradually modifies the schema until it corresponds with that which he would express. Many drawers who are deficient in schemata … cannot draw from the object.’ F.C. Ayer
‘Remember that wherever a branch divides, the stem grows correspondingly thinner, so that, if you draw a circle round the crown of the tree, the sections of every twig must add up to the thickness of the trunk.’ Leonardo Da Vinci
→ transformation of film styles
1980s Video camera (light, small, mobile, long-take but
resolution and durability are drawbacks)
1990s Digital video camera (light, small, mobile, long-
take, after-filming manipulation becomes possible)
For truth effects:
filmmakers since the 1980s use the images
recorded by video cameras, following the schema
developed by that time.
Especially when they want to give their films a
Schemata when realistic images are created:
LOOSER COMPOSITION, ABRUPT rather than
fluid CAMERA MOVEMENTS, INCOMPLETE
LIGHTING OF OBJECTS, JAGGED JAMP
Sandrine Veysset’s Will It Snow for Christmas (1996)
Wim Wender’s Buena Vista Social Club (1999)
1) Shooting must be done on location. Props and sets must not be brought in (if a particular prop is necessary for the story, a location must be chosen where this prop is to be found.)
2) The sound must never be produced apart from the images or vice versa. (Music must not be used unless it occurs where the scene is being shot.)
5) Optical work and filters are forbidden.
6) The film must not contain superficial action. (Murders, weapons, etc. must not occur.)
7) Temporal and geographical alienation are forbidden. (That is to say that the film takes place here and now.)
8) Genre movies are not acceptable.
9) The film format must be Academy 35 mm.
10) The director must not be credited.