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Geography of Europe

Geography of Europe

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Geography of Europe

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  1. Geography of Europe Ch. 9.1 Study the geography of the Europe and the Eurasian land mass, including its location, topography, waterways, vegetation, and climate and their relationship to ways of life in Medieval Europe.

  2. I. Location

  3. Europe: Asia Eurasia is the large landmass that includes both Europe and Asia.


  5. Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” 1500 miles The Ural Mountains are the boundary between the two continents.

  6. The Ural Mountains

  7. Label the Ural Mountainsand draw mountains

  8. II. Topography

  9. Topographyis the shape and elevation of land in a region.

  10. Southern Europe

  11. Southern Europe is covered mainly by mountain ranges. Caucasus Pyrennes Carpathians Alps Apennines

  12. The Alps cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France. Some peaks in the Alps reach higher than 15,000 feet!

  13. Mt. Blanc in the Alps Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet

  14. Label the Alps and draw mountains

  15. The Caucasus Mountains The origin of the word Caucasian.

  16. Transylvaniain the Carpathian Mountains Home of VladTepeš, theDrakul(“Count Dracula”)

  17. Northern Europe

  18. Northern Europe is much flatter and is called the Northern European Plain Stretches from Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east

  19. Northern Europe is covered with thick forests and many types of trees.

  20. Northern British Isles and Scandanavia Scandinavian Peninsula • Many peninsulas that give Europe a very long, jagged coastline

  21. III. Climate

  22. Southern Europe: largely warm and sunny climate allows shrubs and trees that don’t need a lot of water.

  23. Northwestern Europe: mild and cooler, wetter climate bring freezing weather in the winter where few plants can survive

  24. 1. Label Southern Europe with a sun2. Label Northern Europe with snowflakes

  25. IV. Waterways

  26. Many of Europe’s rivers are in the Northern European Plain • Some important rivers are the Danube, Thames, Rhine, Rhone, Ural, Volga, Ebro • The snow in the southern mountains melts and flows out over the plain on its way to the northward sea. Rivers Volga R. Don R. Thames R. Elbe R. Vistula R. Oder R. Rhine R. Dnieper R. Seine R. Loire R. Danube R. Po R. Tagus R. Tiber R. Ebro R.

  27. The Danube River 1770 miles

  28. The Danube River Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.

  29. The Volga River The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.

  30. The Volga River

  31. Label these rivers and trace them in blue. • Danube • Thames • Volga

  32. V. Vegetation

  33. Vegetation: How geography shapes life • Southern Europe: Most people lived on coastal plains (similar to Japan) or in river valleys (like Africa) where the land was flat enough to farm • Grapes and olives were grown that could survive the region’s dry summers • People raise sheep and goats • Many people became traders and seafarers

  34. Southern Europe • Draw grapes and olives along the Southern coast 2. Add goats and sheep 3. Now, draw boats to represent the traders and seafarers

  35. Northern Europe: Most people lived farther from the sea and most towns grew along the river. Paris, right bank of the Seine London on the Thames Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube

  36. Northern Europe • Draw small houses near the river to represent where people lived.

  37. VI. The Big Idea

  38. VI. The Big Idea • The river provides transportation and protection • Farmers grew many crops • No mountains surrounded northern Europe making it easy to invade

  39. VII. Checking for Understanding

  40. Checking for Understanding What is the boundary between Europe and Asia? Where are most of Europe’s rivers located? How is the topography of southern Europe different from that of the Northern European Plain? What part of Europe do you think was open to more invasions? Why?