Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban Indian women
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Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban Indian women Janine Barden-O’Fallon, MEASURE Evaluation PRH Lisa Calhoun, MLE Livia Montana, MLE Priya Nanda, MLE Ilene Speizer , MLE. Presentation Overview. Background Research objectives Data Methods Results Limitations

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Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban Indian womenJanine Barden-O’Fallon, MEASURE Evaluation PRHLisa Calhoun, MLELivia Montana, MLEPriyaNanda, MLEIlene Speizer, MLE


Presentation overview
Presentation Overview Indian women

  • Background

  • Research objectives

  • Data

  • Methods

  • Results

  • Limitations

  • Conclusions

Photo by JHU-CCP


Background contraceptive use in india
Background: Contraceptive use in India Indian women

  • CPR is 56% among currently married women

    • Sterilization is most common method (66% of use)

    • Condoms (9% of use) and rhythm (9% of use)

  • Temporary method users are more likely to be better educated and wealthier than sterilized women

  • One year discontinuation rate for temporary methods is high: condoms 45%, pills 49%, rhythm method 32%

-All data from NFHS-3, 2005-06


Research objectives
Research Objectives Indian women

  • Examine differences in demographic characteristics and use patterns among temporary method users in urban Uttar Pradesh, India

  • Descriptive analysis using contraceptive data from a two year period


Measurement learning evaluation mle
Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Indian women

  • Evaluation of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI):

    • 5year project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

    • Goal is to increase modern contraceptive use

    • Four countries: Senegal; Kenya; Nigeria; and Uttar Pradesh, India

  • Carolina Population Center (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) in partnership with International Center for Research on Women

  • http://www.urbanreproductivehealth.org/


Data for analysis
Data for Analysis Indian women

  • Longitudinal surveys of women in 4 intervention cities:

    • Baseline (2010) - Representative sample of married women 15-49 with an oversample of slum populations (N=17,643)

    • Mid-term sub-sample (2012) - 85.8% response rate (N=5,790)

  • Contraceptive calendar used to collect month-by-month data on contraceptive use, non-use, reason for discontinuation, pregnancy and birth, for 2 year period between surveys


Methods
Methods Indian women

  • Construct meaningful categories of women based on patterns of contraceptive use during the calendar period

  • Descriptive comparison of socio-demographic characteristics, fertility desires, discontinuation and method switching, and pregnancy outcomes

  • Assess reasons for discontinuation by order of discontinuation during the calendar period



Results: Method use characteristics intentions

* Use of sterilization only





Limitations
Limitations 2 year period

  • Potential for underreporting pregnancy and terminations

  • Potential for data heaping

  • Calendar may not be best measure of use for temporary methods most common in India


Conclusions
Conclusions 2 year period

  • Identified a number of socio-demographic differences between temporary method users during a 2 year time period

  • Relatively high incidence of pregnancy and termination among multiple method users

  • Traditional method users vs. condom users

  • Discontinuation due to problems with the method persists and leads to questions about service quality


Thank you
THANK YOU 2 year period

The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The MLE project is implemented by the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in partnership with International Center for Research on Women. The views expressed in this presentation do not necessarily reflect the Gates Foundation.


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