Clostridium tetani. Tetanus is infection of the nervous system with the potentially deadly bacteria Clostridium tetani (C. tetani ). Tetanus. Tetanus infection can be acquired through surgery, drug abuse, bites, burns, body piercing, puncture wounds, and ear infections.
Tetanusis infection of the nervous system with the potentially deadly bacteria Clostridium tetani (C. tetani)
Spores of the bacteria C. tetani live in the soil and are found around the world. In the spore form, C. tetani may remain inactive in the soil, but it can remain infectious for more than 40 years.
A 38 year old man came to office with a complaint of jaw discomfort and inability to open his mouth fully for 3 days. He had struck his right shin with a hammer 10 days earlier while fixing his lawn mower. The hammer penetrated deeply through the skin and although the wound hurt and bled he did not seek medical attention.
Seven days after the accident he started noticing jaw discomfort and the inability to open his mouth completely. On the 3rd day his wife urged him to go to the hospital.
The patient requested to be treated as an outpatient with admission only if symptoms worsened.
During a follow up visit the next day he was totally asymptomatic. His wound stopped draining but his temperature was now 99.5F.
C.Tetani releases a toxin that interferes with the neurotransmitters.