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Why do people take risks?. The Struggle for North America. Lesson 3 Colonists Protest British Rule. Lesson 4 The Revolution Begins. Lesson 5 Declaration of Independence. Lesson 6 Fighting the War. Lesson 7 American Victories. Lesson 8 The War Ends.

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Why do people take risks?

The Struggle for North America


Lesson 3

Colonists Protest British Rule

Lesson 4

The Revolution Begins

Lesson 5

Declaration of Independence

Lesson 6

Fighting the War

Lesson 7

American Victories

Lesson 8

The War Ends

colonists protest british rule1
Colonists Protest British Rule

MC 1 Great Britain raised the taxes on the colonists to pay for the French and Indian War.

MC 3 intolerable = unbearable

SA Colonists thought the taxes were unfair. They objected to taxation without representation. They did not have a say in government.

SA After the passage of the Stamp Act, the colonists began to boycott British goods and the group the Sons of Liberty was formed.

colonists protest british rule2
Colonists Protest British Rule

SA After the passage of the Townshend Acts, the colonists boycotted any merchant who sold British goods. In response and fear to the colonists, the British sent troops to the colonies to keep them under control.

MC 2 Boston Massacre:

colonists and British soldiers

colonists protest british rule3
Colonists Protest British Rule

SA The Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and emptied chests of tea into Boston Harbor to protest the taxes Britain was placing on the colonists.

the revolution begins1
The Revolution Begins

MC 7-8 Listen, my children, and you shall hearOf the midnight ride of Paul Revere,On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;Hardly a man is now aliveWho remembers that famous day and year.

He said to his friend, "If the British marchBy land or sea from the town to-night,Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry archOf the North Church tower as a signal light,One, if by land, and two, if by sea;And I on the opposite shore will be,Ready to ride and spread the alarmThrough every Middlesex village and farm,For the country folk to be up and to arm.

-“Paul Revere’s Ride” By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

the revolution begins2
The Revolution Begins

Lexington and Concord

FILL BAT At Lexington and Concord no one knows who fired the first shot that marked the beginning of the American Revolution, but it is known as “the shot heard ‘round the world.”

the revolution begins3
The Revolution Begins

FILL militia – volunteer soldiers who fight in emergencies

FILL ammunition – musket balls and gunpowder

MC 6 a canon at Ft. Ticonderoga

FILL BAT At Fort Ticonderoga the Americans with Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys helped Benedict Arnold capture this fort without firing a shot.

the revolution begins4
The Revolution Begins

Battle of Bunker Hill

FILL BATAt Bunker Hill the British were able to finally beat the Americans because they ran out of ammunition. About 400 colonists were killed or wounded. However more than 1,000 British soldiers were killed or wounded. It could be argued that the Americans really won.

the declaration of independence

Why is the Second Continental Congress important?

The Declaration of Independence

Lesson 5


Continental Army

Declaration of Independence

FILL Continental Army – the name given to the colonial army led by George Washington


the declaration of independence1
The Declaration of Independence

MC 9 Delegates from the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia.

MC 10 A young Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.

the declaration of independence2
The Declaration of Independence

SA On July 4, 1776, the final version of the “Declaration of Independence” was signed. This was a HUGE risk for all the signers because this meant they could be hung for treason.

MC 11 “The good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these United States are, and of right ought to be free and independent states.”– Declaration of Independence

Video clip

fighting the war

Why did the war present challenges?

Fighting the War

Lesson 6







fighting the war1
Fighting the War

How did women support the war?

MC 12 Some women gave hope to Americans through writing. Others took charge of family farms or businesses. Some women also cooked and cared for sick and wounded soldiers

MC 13 inflation – a large rapid rise in prices

fighting the war2
Fighting the War

British Army - STRENGTHS

  • The British had more than 60,000 soldiers in the American colonies. They included mercenaries (Hessians).
  • British soldiers were well-trained fighters who joined the army for life.
  • Each soldier carried a musket tipped with a sharp bayonet.
  • British soldiers were helped by Loyalists.

British Army - WEAKNESSES

  • Soldiers and military supplies sent from Great Britain to the colonies had to be shipped across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • British soldiers trained to fight on open battlefields, but Patriots fired from hidden positions.
  • The red uniform coats made British soldiers easy targets.
  • Some British did not support the war because it raised the taxes they paid.

page 172

fighting the war3
Fighting the War

American Army - STRENGTHS

  • Patriots fought to protect their homes, families, and a new nation
  • Patriots attacked by surprise, firing from well-protected spots.
  • Many patriot soldiers used Kentucky long rifles, which were more accurate than muskets.
  • Citizens supported the army by making musket balls or blankets. Farmers gave food to soldiers.

American Army - WEAKNESSES

  • Gen. Washington never had more than 17,000 soldiers at any time in the war.
  • Soldiers signed up for six months. That was not long enough to fight on open battlefields.
  • Lack of uniforms, especially shoes, was a constant problem.
  • Some Americans hid supplies or sold food to the army at high prices.

page 173

american victories

How did Patriots influencethe war?

American Victories

Lesson 7



Treaty of Alliance

american victories1
American Victories
  • On the evening of December 25:
  • General Washington led the Continental Army across the Delaware River for a surprise attack.
  • They were going to surprise the Hessian soldiers in Trenton, New Jersey.
  • The Americans needed a victory because they were low on shoes and supplies, and they were losing hope that they could win the war.
  • When they landed in Trenton, New Jersey, the surprised Hessians quickly surrendered to the Americans.
  • Washington only lost two men – both froze to death.
american victories2
American Victories

FILL BAT At the Battle of Saratoga, British General John Burgoyne had to surrender because they had lost more troops at Freeman’s Farm and their supply wagons got stuck on forest roads. This marked the turning point for the Patriots.

american victories3
American Victories

FILL BAT At Valley Forge, the American army became a well-trained, fighting force able to defeat the British under the strict training of Baron Friedrich von Steuben.

american victories4
American Victories

“I have not yet begun to fight!” – John Paul Jones

MC 15John Paul Jones = “Father of the American Navy”

Video clip

the war ends

How did the Revolution affect life in America?

The War Ends

Lesson 8



Treaty of Paris

MC 16 Charles Cornwallis was a leader of the British army.

George Washington was a leader of the American army.

the war ends1
The War Ends

MC 17 In the South, the British won battles BUT lost a lot of their troops.

FILL BAT Finally, in Yorktown, General Cornwallis had to surrender because he was surrounded by a French blockade on one side and Washington and Lafayette’s armies on the other side. This was the last major battle of the war.

MC 18 The Treaty of Paris 1783 was an agreement between the British and the colonists to end the American Revolution. Great Britain had to recognize American independence.

the war ends2
The War Ends

Results of the war:

The United States won independence.

Many Loyalists moved to Canada or the western frontier.

Many Native Americans lost their land. Americans felt justified because Native Americans had sided with the British.

MC 19 After the war slavery continued in the new nation. “All men are created equal” did not apply to enslaved Africans. The government needed the support of Southern plantation owners who depended on slavery.


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