Why do people take risks?. The Struggle for North America. Lesson 3 Colonists Protest British Rule. Lesson 4 The Revolution Begins. Lesson 5 Declaration of Independence. Lesson 6 Fighting the War. Lesson 7 American Victories. Lesson 8 The War Ends.
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The Struggle for North America
Colonists Protest British Rule
The Revolution Begins
Declaration of Independence
Fighting the War
The War Ends
MC 1 Great Britain raised the taxes on the colonists to pay for the French and Indian War.
MC 3 intolerable = unbearable
SA Colonists thought the taxes were unfair. They objected to taxation without representation. They did not have a say in government.
SA After the passage of the Stamp Act, the colonists began to boycott British goods and the group the Sons of Liberty was formed.
SA After the passage of the Townshend Acts, the colonists boycotted any merchant who sold British goods. In response and fear to the colonists, the British sent troops to the colonies to keep them under control.
MC 2 Boston Massacre:
colonists and British soldiers
SA The Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and emptied chests of tea into Boston Harbor to protest the taxes Britain was placing on the colonists.
MC 7-8 Listen, my children, and you shall hearOf the midnight ride of Paul Revere,On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;Hardly a man is now aliveWho remembers that famous day and year.
He said to his friend, "If the British marchBy land or sea from the town to-night,Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry archOf the North Church tower as a signal light,One, if by land, and two, if by sea;And I on the opposite shore will be,Ready to ride and spread the alarmThrough every Middlesex village and farm,For the country folk to be up and to arm.
-“Paul Revere’s Ride” By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Lexington and Concord
FILL BAT At Lexington and Concord no one knows who fired the first shot that marked the beginning of the American Revolution, but it is known as “the shot heard ‘round the world.”
FILL militia – volunteer soldiers who fight in emergencies
FILL ammunition – musket balls and gunpowder
MC 6 a canon at Ft. Ticonderoga
FILL BAT At Fort Ticonderoga the Americans with Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys helped Benedict Arnold capture this fort without firing a shot.
Battle of Bunker Hill
FILL BATAt Bunker Hill the British were able to finally beat the Americans because they ran out of ammunition. About 400 colonists were killed or wounded. However more than 1,000 British soldiers were killed or wounded. It could be argued that the Americans really won.
MC 9 Delegates from the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia.
MC 10 A young Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.
SA On July 4, 1776, the final version of the “Declaration of Independence” was signed. This was a HUGE risk for all the signers because this meant they could be hung for treason.
MC 11 “The good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these United States are, and of right ought to be free and independent states.”– Declaration of Independence
How did women support the war?
MC 12 Some women gave hope to Americans through writing. Others took charge of family farms or businesses. Some women also cooked and cared for sick and wounded soldiers
MC 13 inflation – a large rapid rise in prices
British Army - STRENGTHS
British Army - WEAKNESSES
American Army - STRENGTHS
American Army - WEAKNESSES
FILL BAT At the Battle of Saratoga, British General John Burgoyne had to surrender because they had lost more troops at Freeman’s Farm and their supply wagons got stuck on forest roads. This marked the turning point for the Patriots.
FILL BAT At Valley Forge, the American army became a well-trained, fighting force able to defeat the British under the strict training of Baron Friedrich von Steuben.
“I have not yet begun to fight!” – John Paul Jones
MC 15John Paul Jones = “Father of the American Navy”
MC 17 In the South, the British won battles BUT lost a lot of their troops.
FILL BAT Finally, in Yorktown, General Cornwallis had to surrender because he was surrounded by a French blockade on one side and Washington and Lafayette’s armies on the other side. This was the last major battle of the war.
MC 18 The Treaty of Paris 1783 was an agreement between the British and the colonists to end the American Revolution. Great Britain had to recognize American independence.
Results of the war:
The United States won independence.
Many Loyalists moved to Canada or the western frontier.
Many Native Americans lost their land. Americans felt justified because Native Americans had sided with the British.
MC 19 After the war slavery continued in the new nation. “All men are created equal” did not apply to enslaved Africans. The government needed the support of Southern plantation owners who depended on slavery.
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