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Four Elements of Style: Literary Devices Diction Syntax Tone. Thank you to Mrs. Stacey Reaves Of Wilson Hall, Sumter, SC For allowing me to modify this powerpoint. Literary Devices. Does the passage use unusual images or patterns of imagery?
Thank you to Mrs. Stacey Reaves
Of Wilson Hall, Sumter, SC
For allowing me to modify this powerpoint
Gaze, stare, peer, ogle
Stride, slink, trot, shuffle
Slump, squat. Lounge
Weep, sob, bawl
Hurl, pitch, toss, flip
Black Labrador retriever
Tall lanky boyWays to Characterize Diction
Ex. The dishes fell to the floor with a loud noise (crashed or clattered).
He walked along slowly (ambled, sauntered).
He looked at her in an angry way (glowered, glared).
Grammatical: Which type is the sentence?
Simple Sentence (one subject, one verb)
The singer bowed her head to her adoring audience.
CompoundSentence (two independent clauses joined by a conjunction or a semicolon)
The singer bowed to the audience, but she sang no encores.
Go and speak.
Complex Sentence (one independent, one or more subordinate clauses)
When I heard the concert, I enjoyed it because she sang beautifully.
When I really understand grammar and when I actually put it to use, my grades in English will improve. (two dependent clauses, one independent clause)
Compound-Complex (two or more independent and one or more subordinate clauses)
The singer bowed while the audience applauded, but she sang no encores.
Where you go I will go, and where you dwell I will dwell.
Loose-main idea stated at the beginning of the sentence followed by additional information. The sentence makes complete sense if brought to a close before the actual ending,
We reached Columbia/ that morning/ after a turbulent flight.
He resigned after denouncing his accusers and asserting his own innocence time and time again.
Periodic-main idea withheld until the end of the sentence. It makes sense only when the end of the sentence is reached,
That morning after a turbulent flight, we reached Columbia.
After denouncing his accusers and asserting his own innocence time and time again, the State Department official resigned.
Balanced/Parallel-the phrases or clauses balance each other in likeness or structure, meaning, and/or length,
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; he leadeth me beside the still waters.
To err is human, to forgive is divine.
Together we planned the house, together we built it, and together we watched it go up in smoke.
He was walking, running, and jumping
We refused to get out of the bed when the bugle blew in the morning, we fought against scrubbing our teeth in public to music, we sneered when the flag was ceremoniously lowered at sunset, we avoided doing a good deed a day, we complained loudly about the food…and we bought some chalk and wrote all over the Recreation Cabin, “We hate Camp Hiwah.”
How does the author establish the negative attitude the campers have toward Camp Hiwah?
Does sentence structure also contribute to tone?
It has been called the House of God. It has been called the High One. The Cold One. The White One. On close acquaintance by climbers, it has been called a variety of names rather less printable. But to the world at large it is Kilimanjaro, the apex of Africa and one of the great mountains on the earth.
What is the author’s attitude toward Kilimanjaro?
How does the sentence structure help establish this tone?
Conceit, or extended
ZeugmaList of Introductory Rhetorical Terms