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Nanotechnology Introduction. Pre Reading Slides. What is Nanotechnology?. Research and technology development at the atomic or molecular level, in the length scale of approximately 1 to 100 nanometer range (NNI Definition )

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Nanotechnology Introduction


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    1. Nanotechnology Introduction Pre Reading Slides

    2. What is Nanotechnology? • Research and technology development at the atomic or molecular level, in the length scale of approximately 1 to 100 nanometer range (NNI Definition) • Provides a fundamental understanding of phenomena and materials at the nanoscale • The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a federal R&D program established to coordinate the multi-agency efforts in nanoscale science, engineering, and technology.

    3. Understanding Size – 1 meter

    4. Understanding Size – 10 cm (10-1 m)

    5. Understanding Size – 1 cm (10-2m)

    6. Understanding Size – 100 μm(10-4m)

    7. Understanding Size – 10 μm(10-5m)

    8. Understanding Size– 1 μm(10-2 m)

    9. Understanding Size– 100 nm (10-7m)

    10. Understanding Size– 10 nm (10-8m)

    11. Understanding Size– 1 nm (10-9m)

    12. Nanotechnology Applications • Computing – increases in memory densities and processor speeds • Manufacturing– improved techniques for top-down and bottom-up nano-manufacturing • Top-Down : Conventional manufacturing processess at a reduced scale. • Bottom-Up: Making materials and products from the bottom-up, that is, by building them up from atoms and molecules. • Medical– biological applications include : DNA analysis and detection of HIV, diabetes, pregnancy,etc. Detect and treat cancerous cells by nano-engineered devices • Environmental – cleaning water and air to higher levels of purity • Removing the finest contaminants from water and air to promote a cleaner environment by nano-filtering • Energy– improving the efficiency of solar cells • Aerospace and defense – applications include detection of deadly agents such as saran gas (biochips for detection of hazardous chemical and biological agents)

    13. Implantable Sensors CardioMEMSmicrochip transmits blood flow and pressure wirelessly

    14. Retina Implants

    15. Cochlear Implants • Have coatings to minimize rejection/infection • in the body. • Have finer electrode arrays. • Have on board signal processing unit.

    16. 2 mm Top-Down Nano-Manufacturing - MEMS Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) is the integration of mechanical elements, sensors, actuators, and electronics on a common silicon substrate through microfabrication technology Right: Micromanufactured gear next to a housefly

    17. Nanotechnology at OSU • Nanobiotechnology • Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center for Affordable Nanoengineering of Polymer Biomedical Devices http://www.nsec.ohio-state.edu/ Prof. L. James Lee, Director • Nanocomposite Materials • ChBE, MSE, ME, ISWE, Chemistry • Photonics, Nanoelectronics, Optoelectronics • ECE, Physics, Chemistry • Center for Multifunctional Polymer Nanomaterials and Devices (CMPND) • Collaboration among OSU, UAkron, UDayton, and Ohio Industry. Prof. L. James Lee, Director