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DOE’s Smart Grid R&D Needs Steve Bossart Energy Analyst U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Materials Challenges in Alternative & Renewable Energy February 26 – March 1, 2012. Smart Grid R&D Topics. Vision and goals Background Research needs

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DOE’s Smart Grid R&D Needs Steve Bossart Energy Analyst U.S. Department of Energy

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DOE’s Smart Grid R&D Needs

Steve Bossart

Energy Analyst

U.S. Department of Energy

National Energy Technology Laboratory

Materials Challenges in

Alternative & Renewable Energy

February 26 – March 1, 2012

smart grid r d topics
Smart Grid R&D Topics
  • Vision and goals
  • Background
  • Research needs
    • Standards and best practices
    • Technology development
    • Modeling
    • Analysis
    • Evaluation and demonstration
doe oe mission
DOE OE Mission

Mission of Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability

  • Lead national efforts to modernize the electric grid;
  • Enhance security and reliability of the infrastructure; and
  • Facilitate recovery from disruptions to energy supply

Accelerate the deployment and integration of advanced communication, control, and information technologies that are needed to modernize the nation‘s electric delivery network

vision of smart grid r d program
Vision of Smart Grid R&D Program
  • By 2030, the power grid has evolved into an intelligent energy delivery system that supports plug-and-play integration of dispatchable and intermittent low-carbon energy sources, and provides a platform for consumer engagement in load management, national energy independence, innovation, entrepreneurship, and economic security. This smart grid supports the best and most secure electric services available in the world and connects everyone to abundant, affordable, high quality, environmentally conscious, efficient, and reliable electric power
requirements to achieve vision
Requirements to Achieve Vision
  • High-speed, secure, two-way communications
  • Standards for cyber security and interoperability
  • Automated distribution system
  • Modeling for wide area awareness
    • Visibility, outage prevention, outage management
  • Automated customer systems
    • Demand response, energy efficiency
  • Market mechanisms to deploy dynamic pricing
  • High penetration of distributed and renewable resources
smart grid principal characteristics
Smart Grid Principal Characteristics

The Smart Grid will:

Enable active participation by consumers

Accommodate all generation and storage options

Enable new products, services and markets

Provide power quality for the digital economy

Optimize asset utilization and operate efficiently

Anticipate & respond to system disturbances

Operate resiliently to attack and natural disaster



smart grid r d program
Smart Grid R&D Program


  • 2010 OE strategic plan
    • Develop advanced T&D technologies
    • Facilitate expansion of electric infrastructure capacity
    • Improve protection and restoration capability
  • Secretary of Energy’s goals
    • Build competitive, low carbon economy
    • Secure America’s energy future
  • President’s targets
    • 80% of electricity from clean energy sources by 2035
    • 1 million electric vehicles by 2015
smart grid r d
Smart Grid R&D

Multi-Year Program Plan 2010-2014

  • Originally published in 2010

Smart Grid Roundtable Meeting in December, 2009

Multiple stakeholders

R&D Groups

  • September 2011 update
leveraging complementary r d programs
Leveraging Complementary R&D Programs
  • Basic engineering sciences
  • Power electronics materials and devices
  • Energy storage systems and devices
  • Building technologies
  • Microgrids
  • T&D efficiency
  • Transportation sector
criteria for doe smart grid r d plan
Criteria for DOE Smart Grid R&D Plan
  • Hindered by lack of standards or conflict with standards
  • Not being addressed by industry or Federal R&D
  • Longer-term, high-risk
  • Transformative, high-payoff
  • Feasible within likely Federal budget

Long-term, high-risk R&D in high-impact technologies

r d topics
R&D Topics
  • Standards & Best Practices
  • Technology Development
  • Modeling
  • Analysis
  • Evaluation & Demonstrations
standards best practices
Standards & Best Practices
  • Electrical and communications interconnections, integration, interoperability, and operations
  • Supports
    • NIST interoperability standards
    • IEEE P2030 series of interoperability standards
    • IEEE 1547 series of interconnection standards
standards best practices1
Standards & Best Practices
  • Developing, maintaining, and harmonizing national and international standards
    • Interconnection, interoperability, integration, and cyber security
  • Legacy and advanced distribution system protection, operations and automation
  • Defining reliability and ancillary service requirements
  • Define roles of load serving entities, EMS, aggregators, and ISO/RTOs in market
  • Developing best practices to manage PEV charging including “roaming” locations
standards and best practices some technical tasks
Standards and Best PracticesSome Technical Tasks
  • Interoperability and Interconnection
    • Develop use cases to identify requirements
    • Develop exploratory and conformance test procedures
    • Develop schemes for protection, operation, and automation
  • Cyber Security
    • Identify security requirements for all assets
    • Develop a security architecture
    • Develop and validate methods for cyber secure operation
  • Market and Reliability
    • Describe operating models for power system and market
    • Develop clearly defined functional roles for entities
technology development
Technology Development
  • Sensing & measurement
    • Weather, equipment health, customer devices, …
  • Communications and security
    • Wireless, power line carrier, internet, …
  • Advanced components
    • Power electronics, intelligent loads, V2G, G2V, e-storage..
  • Control methods
    • Distributed control, DA, mixed AC/DC, adaptive protection
  • Decision and operations support
    • Visualization, diagnostic & operations, data processing
technology development integration
Technology Development“Integration”
  • Integration of DER and DR to reduce peak load and improve efficiency
  • Smart charging PEVs
  • Microgrid
  • Communications and controls
  • Smart inverters for renewables
technology development1
Technology Development

Customer and distribution assets

  • Low-power, low-cost, secure communications
  • Sensing (V, I, Ф, f)
  • G2V and V2G
  • Protection and control
  • Operations and support tools
  • Modeling, simulation, and visualization
  • Planning, design and operations
  • Behavior, performance, and cost of smart grid assets
  • Impact on generation and T&D


  • Create public library of smart grid software (components, controls)
  • Establish benchmark test cases to validate models and software tools
  • Develop fast computational algorithms and parallel computing capabilities
  • Develop capability to model impact of smart grid on entire grid
  • Develop dynamic response models
  • Continuous update of distribution system
  • Link distributed engineering, work order, outage management, and automated mapping models
  • Integrate communications, markets, and renewable resource models
  • Open standards to describe distribution, smart grid, and consumer assets
  • Progress and impact of smart grid investments
  • Support effective cyber security, privacy, and interoperability practices
  • Impact on outage number, duration & extent
  • Impact on power quality and reliability
  • Impact on power system planning
  • Impact of T&D automation on variable renewable integration
  • Potential capacity from DR, DG, and e-storage
  • Consumer studies on acceptance of DR, PEV, storage, energy efficiency, & local generation
  • Evaluate benefits and cost
  • Business case
evaluation and demonstration1
Evaluation and Demonstration
  • Gaps in smart grid functionality
  • Gaps in technology performance
  • Protocols in evaluating new components
  • Performance and conformance with emerging standards
contact information
Contact Information

Steve Bossart

(304) 285-4643

Smart Grid Implementation Strategy

Federal Smart Grid Website

Smart Grid Clearinghouse