active and passive verbs n.
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Active and Passive Verbs. Level 4. Active Voice. In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts. Passive Voice.

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Presentation Transcript
active voice
Active Voice
  • In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.
passive voice
Passive Voice
  • In sentences written in passive voice, the subject receives the action expressed in the verb; the subject is acted upon. The agent performing the action may appear in a "by the . . ." phrase or may be omitted.
changing passive to active voice
Changing Passive to Active Voice
  • If you want to change a passive-voice sentence to active voice, find the agent in a "by the..." phrase, or consider carefully who or what is performing the action expressed in the verb.
    • Make that agent the subject of the sentence, and change the verb accordingly.
  • Sometimes you will need to infer the agent from the surrounding sentences which provide context.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_actpass.html

slide7

Passive Voice

Agent

Changed to Active Voice

most of the class

agent not specified; most likely agents

such as "the researchers"

the CIA director

and his close

advisors

agent not specified; most likely agents such as "we"

slide8

Changing Active to Passive Voice

  • If you want to change an active-voice sentence to passive voice, consider carefully who or what is performing the action expressed in the verb, and then make that agent the object of a "by the..." phrase.
  • Make what is acted upon the subject of the sentence, and change the verb to a form of be + past participle. Including an explicit "by the..." phrase is optional.
slide9

Active Voice

Agent

Changed to Passive Voice

The presiding officer

The leaders

The scientists

slide10

Passive: Your request for funding has been denied by the review committee.Active: The review committee denied your request for funding.

  • Active: The waiter dropped the tray of food.Passive: The tray of food was dropped by the waiter.
  • Passive: The cookies were eaten by the children.Active: The children ate the cookies.
  • Passive: The tunnels are dug by the gophers.Active: The gophers dug the tunnels.
slide11

So….you think you understand, do you???

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive.htm