The Status of Technology Education in The United States, 2010 William E. Dugger, Jr. Uno Cygnaeus 200th Anniversary Symposium University of Jyväskylä October 12-13, 2010
Evolution of Educational Standards in the U. S. • Discontent with education in early 1980’s • Mathematics Standards (NCTM) – 1989 • Science (AAAS) – Benchmarks for Science Literacy – 1993 • Science – National Science Education Standards (NRC) – 1996 • Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (ITEA/TAA) – 2000 • Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy (ITEA/TAA) - 2003 • Others
Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (STL) • Technology for All Americans Project. • Vision: All students can become technologically literate. • Technological literacy is one’s ability to use, manage, evaluate, and understand technology. • STL provides the content (what everyone should know and be able to do) for technological literacy in grades K-12 (Ages 6-18). • Technological literacy encompasses the totality of technology (including but not just limited to information and computer technology).
Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (STL) STL is written around 20 standards that are organized under five major categories that are: The Nature of Technology (3) Technology and Society (4) Design (3) Abilities for a Designed World (3) The Designed World (7)
Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (STL) • Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards (AETL)(ITEA, 2003) • Addenda: • Student Assessment • Curriculum • Programs • Professional Development • Engineering by Design (EbD)(ITEEA)
ITEEA/Gallup Polls<http://www.iteea.org/TAA/Publications/TAA_Publications.html#Polls> • 2001 and 2004 ITEEA/Gallup Polls. • 1000/800 national telephone interviews. • Theme: “What Americans Think About Technology”. • Two-thirds of Americans think that technology and science are basically one and the same thing. • 98% believe that understanding the relationship between technology and science is important. • Two-thirds view technology narrowly as computers and the Internet • 97% stated that the study of technology should be included in the school curriculum
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) • What is NAEP? • Steering and Planning Committees • Purposes of this research (conducted by WestEd): • Develop a framework and specifications for a new NAEP Technology and Engineering Literacy Assessment (TELA) in 2014 for Grades 4, 8, and 12 (ages 10, 14, and 18). • Recommend background variables associated with student achievement in TELA that should be included in the NAEP Assessment.
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) • STEM is the integration of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics into a trans-disciplinary subject in schools. • STEM is a new offering in U. S. schools • STEM education offers a chance for students to make sense of the world rather than learn isolated bits and pieces of phenomena • STEM can be taught in a number of ways (silos vs. integrated subject matter or other)
STEM DEFINITIONS • Science is the study of our natural world (National Science Education Standards, National Research Council, 1996). • Technology is the modification of the natural world to meet to human wants and needs. (ITEA, 2000) • Engineering is design under constraint (William Wulf, Past-president of National Academy of Engineering) • Mathematics is the study of any patterns or relationships (AAAS, 1993)
Positioning and Politics • In the U. S., education is the responsibility of the state or local government. • “No Child Left Behind” • Common Core State Standards <http://www.corestandards.org>. • Technology Education vs. Educational Technology (Information and Computer Technology - ICT) • Status of Technology Education in U. S. • Dwindling production of technology teachers by colleges/universities (Moye, 2009)
Summary • This presentation has provided a view of the status of some of the events and efforts in the study of technology in the U.S. • The items discussed were: • Standards • ITEEA/Gallup Polls • National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) • STEM • Positioning and Politics
Thank you! William E. Dugger, Jr. Senior Fellow and Former Director Technology for All Americans Project International Technology and Engineering Educators Association email@example.com and Emeritus Professor, Virginia Tech firstname.lastname@example.org
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