Education in the United States Robert S. Williams The American University in Cairo http://www.aucegypt.edu/faculty/rwilliams Talk Structure Educational Profile of US citizens Education in the US is compulsory and local K â€“ 12 Colleges and Universities Trade and special schools
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Robert S. Williams
The American University in Cairo
Schooling is compulsory for all children in the United States, but the age range for which school attendance is required varies from state to state
Most states require children to begin school at 5 or 6, either in kindergarten or first grade
Most states now require children to remain in school until they are 18, though some states require school attendance until 16.
Schools in the US are run by community school boards and financed by local taxes.
School board members are elected by the community.
However, the state and federal governments also give money to local schools.
In order to receive this money, local schools must meet certain state and federal educational standards.
A new law, No Child Left Behind, requires that children be tested by standardized federal tests and that individual schools show improvement in student achievement.
The terms university and college are often used to refer to post-secondary education institutions.
The US has both private and public universities and colleges.
The most prestigious of these, such as Harvard and Stanford, are private.
There are two basic types of post-secondary schools: Four-year and two-year.
Two-year schools are called community colleges, which offer Associate of Arts or Science degrees.
People who complete community college often enroll in four-year universities, where they need only take the last two years to earn a degree
Police and fire academies are local or state institutions
Trade schools teach:
Most states allow parents to educate their children at home.
This is known as home schooling.
People choose this educational option for a variety of reasons, the most common of which are:
Homeschooled children mostly come from white, two-parent families.
US Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2006). College Enrollment and Work Activity of 2005 High School Graduates,. Accessed on May 2, 2006 from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/hsgec.nr0.htm
US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2005). The Condition of Education 2005 (NCES 2005-094)
US Department of Education. (ND). Fast Facts. Accessed on May 2, 2006 from http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts
Wikipedia, (ND). Education in the United States. Accessed on May 2, 2006 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_United_States