Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Biodiversity and Sustainable Forest Management. GEF Expanded Constituency Workshop March 22 – 24, 2011 Kyiv, Ukraine. Biodiversity. Goal : the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the maintenance of ecosystem goods and services
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Forests deliver multiple environmental and social benefits:
to play a much larger role in mitigating climate change.
The GEF has been funding forest projects since its inception in 1991.
Forests/Forest management is not a focal area. Until 2006, GEF support for forests was therefore mainly provided through the biodiversity and land degradation focal areas.
In June 2007, the GEF-4 SFM Program was created, better know as the Tropical Forest Account (TFA). The TFA reserved funds from the Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Land Degradation focal areas for SFM operations in the three major tropical forest blocks (Amazonia, Congo Basin, New Guinea/Borneo).
In total, > $400 million were invested in forests in GEF-4.
Under GEF-4, investments in forests were mainly single-focal area biodiversity conservation projects, thus not emphasizing the potential multiple benefits.
The goal for GEF-5 investment in SFM is to achieve multiple environmental benefits from improved management of all types of forests.
Forest policy, legal and regulatoryframework (re)formulation;
Forest law enforcement andgovernment (FLEG);
Sustainable harvesting technologies for timber and non-timber products, forest function and management planning;
Forest certification and verification of timber supply chains;
Integrated forest fire management;
Conflict resolution approaches (e.g. disputed forest tenure and use);
Capacity building/Piloting of Payment for Ecosystem Services, economic valuation tools.
Industrial, agricultural and domestic technologies reducing the pressure on forest (energy efficiency, fuel substitution);
Increasing ecological connectivity at landscape level;
Community and small-holder forestry
Competition for land use and land-usechanges (e.g. land use potential and related planning activities; trade-off analysis);
Building of technical and institutional capacities to monitor and reduce GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation;
Testing and adopting approaches that allow for the generation of revenues from the carbonmarket.