The Solution. A cademic M astery P roject. Black Swan Events are high-impact, hard-to-predict, and rare events that are beyond the realm of normal expectations. Such events are considered “extreme outliers” ( Taleb , 2007). Black Swan Theory. The event is a surprise
Two-Year College – 66% +
Four-Year College – 33%
(Arkansas Dept. of Higher Ed. 2008)
76% of college students who take remedial courses in reading never earn a degree.
75 % of college students who take remedial courses in math never earn a degree.
All swans are white and the world does not offer any surprises. A rather boring place to live. (Most predictions in the world come from the assumption that all statistics fit the bell-curve model.)
There are plenty of black swans. Two sets of outliers with different needs. An exciting world with little predictability.
Direct Entry Students
ACT Scores or 19 or above
Mean – 2.32 Out of 4 points possible
Standard Deviation – 1.24
Students required to take Intermediate Algebra
Mean – 2.29 Out of 4 points possible
Standard Deviation - .65
Contains all of the competencies of Essential Mathematics, Introductory Algebra and Intermediate Algebra.
Computer Based program (Hawkes)
Based on Mastery Learning (80% / B level).
Pre and Post-test Assessment.
Traditional Intermediate Algebra Class
Foundations (23 students)
75% of students who are remedial in mathematics NEVER graduate (George, 2010).
Academic Mastery Project (AMP)
Two new classes take the place of six remedial classes:
AMP will allow students to:
George, M. (2010). Ethics and motivation in remedial mathematics education. CommunityCollege Review, 38(1), 82.
Taleb, M. (2007).