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CERT - CLASS 2

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  1. CERT - CLASS 2 DISASTER FIRE SUPPRESSION TECHNIQUES

  2. SESSION OBJECTIVES • EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF CERT IN FIRE SUPPRESSION. • IDENTIFY AND REDUCE POTENTIAL FIRE RISKS. • CONDUCT BASIC SIZE-UP FOR A FIRE EMERGENCY. • OPERATE A PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER CORRECTLY. • UNDERSTAND MINIMUM SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.

  3. YOU’LL BE ON YOUR OWN. . . . • NO 911 • APPARATUS TRAPPED IN QUARTERS • HIGHER PRIORITIES • ROADS OUT • ALREADY ON AN INCIDENT • FD FULLY COMMITTED WITHIN 5 MIN OF NORTHRIDGE EQ

  4. REDUCED FIRE FIGHTING CAPABILITY • NO WATER • ENGINES ONLY CARRY ABOUT 500 GALLONS INTERNALLY • APPARATUS TRAPPED OR DAMAGED • PERSONNEL INJURED

  5. SIZE-UP • A CONTINUOUS FACT GATHERING PROCESS, THAT WILL DICTATE APPROPRIATE ACTION.

  6. SIZE - UP CONSIDERATIONS • TIME • DAY • OCCUPANCY TYPE • STRUCTURE TYPE • WEATHER • LOCATION • BUSINESS TYPE

  7. WE’LL HAVE TO SET PRIORITIES • HOSPITALS • SCHOOLS • HIGH RISE BUILDINGS • SERIOUS FIRES • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

  8. 1* SAFETY FIRST • DON’T BECOME A VICTIM. • PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS AS YOUR FIRST PRIORITY.

  9. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS&FIRE PREVENTION

  10. PART #1Hazardous Materials Are Everywhere!

  11. INDUSTRIAL AREAS

  12. ROADS & HIGHWAYS

  13. RETAIL STORES

  14. HAVE THE WORDS: WARNING DANGER POISON FLAMMABLE COMBUSTIBLE CAUTION 704 DIAMOND DOT PLACARD CORRODE OTHER MATERIALS EXPLODE OR ARE EASILY IGNITED REACT STRONGLY WITH WATER ARE UNSTABLE WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT OR SHOCK ARE TOXIC TO HUMANS, ANIMALS, OR THE ENVIRONMENT HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

  15. MANY HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ARE... • BEYOND YOUR ABILITIES • REQUIRE SPECIAL EQUIPMENT • REQUIRE SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE • MANY MATERIALS ARE JUST TOO DANGEROUS!

  16. 704 DiamondHazardous Material Storage

  17. = WHAT’S IT MEAN TO ME? • GREATER THAN 1IN ANY BOX MEANS IT’S TOO DANGEROUS FOR ANY CERT MEMBER TO ENTER.

  18. 1. EXPLOSIVES 2. GASES 3. FLAMABLE LIQUIDS 4. FLAMABLE SOLIDS 5. OXIDIZERS 6. POISONS 7. RADIOACTIVE 8. CORROSIVE 9. MISC. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IN TRANSIT 1203

  19. DOT PLACARD • DOT PLACARD ON ALL • PORTABLE TANKS • TANK CARS • CARGO TANKS • AIR CARGO (LIMITED) • CARGO TRUCKS • TANKER TRUCKS • PACKAGING

  20. DOT GUIDE BOOK

  21. TREATMENT SITE HANDLING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS • UP HILL • UP WIND • ISOLATE • EVACUATE • RULE OF THUMB

  22. STORING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS • STORE • LOW TO THE GROUND • IN A CLOSED CABINET • RESTRAINED ON A SHELF • OUTSIDE IS PREFERABLE • KEEP INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICALS APART • OIL/PAINT/PETROLEUM SOAKED RAGS MUST BE KEPT IN A CLOSED METAL CONTAINER

  23. L.I.E.S. • LIMIT • ISOLATE • ELIMINATE • SEPARATE

  24. WARNING LABELS

  25. PART 2 - FIRE PREVENTION & SUPPRESSION • FIRE HAZARDS • FIRE CHEMISTRY • FIRE EXTINGUISHERS • P.A.S.S. • SAFETY • OVERHAUL

  26. REDUCE FIRE HAZARDS • AVOID CANDLES AND OPEN FLAME LAMPS. • KEEP YOUR FIREPLACE AND CHIMNEY IN GOOD CONDITION. • DON’T USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS INDOORS. • CLEAN DRYER & FURNACE VENTS.

  27. REDUCING FIRE HAZARDSAT HOME & OFFICE • REDUCE ELECTRICAL HAZARDS • AVOID THE “ELECTRICAL OCTOPUS” • DON’T RUN CORDS UNDER CARPETS • REPLACE BROKEN OR FRAYED CORDS • MAINTAIN APPLIANCES

  28. FIREFIGHTING RESOURCES • PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS • WET STANDPIPES • CONFINEMENT • “CREATIVE” RESOURCES

  29. FIRE CHEMISTRY

  30. FIRE CHEMISTRY CLASSES OF FIRE. . . A: ORDINARY COMBUSTIBLES B: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS C: ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT D: COMBUSTIBLE METALS

  31. PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER • PUT OUT SMALL FIRES & PREVENT ADDITIONAL FIRES. • ASSIST WITH EVACUATIONS WHERE NECESSARY. • PURCHASE ONLY “COMMERCIAL” TYPE EXTINGUISHERS. • METAL HEAD W/ATTACHED HOSE • RECOMMENDATION: TWO 2A:40B:C EXTINGUISHERS PER HOME.

  32. 2A EXTINGUISHES TYPE-A FIRES COMMON COMBUSTIBLES WILL PUT OUT A 10FT BY 10FT AREA 40B EXTINGUISHES TYPE-B FIRES FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS WILL CONSISTENTLY PUT OUT 40SQ.FT. OF BURNING LIQUID C NON-CONDUCTIVE OF ELECTRICITY WHAT DOES 2A:40B:C MEAN?

  33. COMPONENTS OF A PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER

  34. WATER EXTINGUISHERS • 2-1/2 GALLON STANDARD • 30-40 FT. RANGE • PRESSURIZED TO 110 PSI • ONE-EIGHTH INCH NOZZLE TIP • EXCELLENT FOR HEAT REMOVAL • CAUTION: H20 CONDUCTS ELECTRICITY

  35. CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) • PRIMARILY USED IN CLASS-C APPLICATIONS • NON-CONDUCTIVE CONE • DISPLACES 02 LEVELS • EFFECTIVE ON CLASS-B FIRES • LIMITED USE ON CLASS-A FIRES

  36. P.A.S.S. • PULL • THE SAFETY PIN • TWIST TO BREAK WIRE • AIM • AT THE BASE OF THE FIRE • START AT ONE END OR THE OTHER • SQUEEZE • HARD • PRESS DOWN ON THE TRIGGER • SWEEP • MOVE IN A SMOOTH EVEN MOTION

  37. DRY CHEMICAL - RECOMMENDED • CAN BE CLASS-BC OR CLASS-ABC • BE SURE TO BUY ONLY CLASS-ABC • APPROXIMATELY 10-20 SEC. DISCHARGE TIME • NON-TOXIC • SLIGHTLY CORROSIVE & ABRASIVE • 8-12 FT. RANGE • 175-250 PSI • INVERT MONTHLY TO PREVENT CAKING

  38. DO. . . USE SAFETY EQUIPMENT WORK IN A BUDDY SYSTEM HAVE A BACKUP TEAM HAVE TWO WAYS TO EXIT APPROACH SMOKE-FILLED AREAS CORRECTLY MAINTAIN A SAFE DISTANCE WORK THE PERIMETER OVERHAUL THE FIRE DON’T. . . TRY TO SUPPRESS LARGE FIRES GET TOO CLOSE FIGHT IT ALONE FIRE SUPPRESSION SAFETY

  39. DON’T OPEN DOORS WITHOUT THINKING • FEEL THE DOOR • BOTTOM TO TOP • TEST THE KNOB • STAND BEHIND DOOR FOR PROTECTION • BLOCK DOOR WITH FOOT • OPEN 1/2 INCH • DON’T EXPOSE HEAD/TORSO • CHECK FOR SMOKE HEAT

  40. OVERHAUL • LOCATE HIDDEN BURNING MATERIAL • REMOVE HEAT BY COOLING WITH WATER • PREVENT REKINDLE OF FIRE • COOL • SOAK • SEPARATE

  41. THE END