BELL WORK Write how your life would change if you were addicted to drugs.
REVIEW What are the two types of medicines? Prescription and over the counter Any effect of a medicine other than the one intended is called what? Side effect
REVIEW How does drug abuse effect your health triangle? Physical sleepiness and death, m/e brain functions, social withdrawal from family. How can you prevent drug misuse and abuse? Lock up medications and dispose down drains.
DRUGS MARIJUANA AND OTHER ILLEGAL DRUGS
OBJECTIVES • describethe effects and risks of marijuana. • identifythe most commonly used club drugs. • explainthe reasons that teens abuse anabolic steroids. • listthe physical effects of anabolic steroids.
MARIJUANA Marijuana is commonly called pot or weed and many other street names. Regardless of what it’s called understand it is illegal. marijuana Dried leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, called cannabis sativa
MARIJUANA THC The main active chemical in marijuana THC alters the way the brain processes sensory information. It is impossible to know what other harmful substances may be mixed in with marijuana.
MARIJUANA’S SHORT TERM EFFECTS Reduced reaction time Reduced coordination Impaired judgment Increased heart rate Increased appetite Anxiety Panic attacks
MARIJUANA LONG-TERM EFFECTS Lung diseases, including cancer Changes to the region of the brain that process information Depression Anxiety Personality disturbances Loss of motivation, causing the user to fall behind in school Problems with friends and family members
MARIJUANA’S SAFETY RISKS Risk of getting arrested Users may say or do things that could get them into trouble Impaired reaction and coordination make driving dangerous Impaired judgment can lead to risky behaviors
SPICE NEW DRUG SMOKED THAT IS SMOKED HAS A CHEMICHAL SIMILAR TO THC IN MARIJUANA. SOME AREAS THIS IS ILLEGAL.
CLUB DRUGS Club drugs take their names from dance clubs or raves where they are often used. Some people falsely believe that club drugs are safe to use.
CLUB DRUGS EFFECTS The harmful effects of club drugs include: HALLUCINATIONS PARANOIA AMNESIA amnesia Partial or total loss of memory When club drugs are mixed with alcohol, the effects of both substances are increased.
ECSTASY The scientific name for ecstasy is MDMA. Ecstasy speeds up the central nervous system, making a person feel very alert, or “hyper.”
ECSTASTY Effects of Taking Ecstasy Increased heart rate Chills Nausea Sweating Anxiety Increased sense of confidence Elevated blood pressure Feelings of well-being Dizziness Loss of appetite
ROHYPNOL Rohypnol, commonly called roofie, is a club drug that works by suppressing the central nervous system.
ROHYPNOL CHARACTERISTICS ODORLESS COLORLESS NO TASTE SLIPPED INTO A PERSON’S DRINK UNWILLING USER IS UNAWARE OF WHAT IS HAPPENING PRODUCES AMNESIA
GHB GHB is a depressant of the central nervous system. Until 1992, GHB was available as an over-the-counter drug used by bodybuilders to increase muscle mass and decrease fat.
KETAMINE Ketamine, sometimes called Special K, is an anesthetic used in medical procedures for humans and animals. A small amount of Ketamine produces hallucinations, memory loss, and severe breathing problems–even respiratory failure.
STEROIDS Physicians sometimes prescribe steroids to treat growth problems, lung diseases, and skin conditions. Anabolic steroids Synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones causing muscle growth.
STEROIDS Steroids are most often abused by people who want to enhance their athletic abilities.
STEROIDS MAJOR SIDE EFFECTS LIVER TUMORS CANCER JAUNDICE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE SEVER ACNE TREMBLING
STEROIDS SIDE EFFECTS IN MALES SHRINKING OF THE TESTICLES BREAST DEVELOPMENT SIDE EFFECT IN FEMALES GROWTH OF FACIAL HAIR MENSTURAL CHANGES DEEPENED VOICE
STEROIDS AND TEEN USE REASONS TEENS USE MEDIA SPORTS PEER PRESSURE
STEROIDS Steroid use can have a negative effect on your appearance. Steroid use can cause a person to become angry or violent. Steroid use can cause a hormonal imbalance, which can interfere with the normal development of teens.