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Ohio Balanced Growth Program. Codes and Ordinances Workshop: Recommendations for Development and Site Layout Kirby Date, AICP, Cleveland State University. Location of development for minimum impact Management and control of storm water and erosion

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ohio balanced growth program

Ohio Balanced Growth Program

Codes and Ordinances Workshop:

Recommendations for Development and Site Layout

Kirby Date, AICP, Cleveland State University

local governments can have a big impact on watershed and community quality

Location of development for minimum impact

Management and control of storm water and erosion

Protection of stream and wetland areas so they can do their job as storm water infrastructure

Protection of scenic, historic and natural resources to help retain our “great place”

Local Governments Can Have a Big Impact on Watershed and Community Quality
recommendations conservation development
RECOMMENDATIONS: Conservation Development
  • A planned unit development with special standards for preserving resources
  • Residential, commercial, institutional or mixed use
  • Usually an option, with incentives
  • Concentrates permitted development capacity on the site, while conserving the rest in open space
  • Based on “neutral density” concept


Conservation Development

  • 40-50% Permanent Open Space
  • Quality Open Space
  • Resource Protection
  • Appropriate Development Intensity
benefits of conservation development
Benefits of Conservation Development
  • Property values are enhanced or remain the same
  • Diversity of housing product to accommodate diverse buyer market
  • Protects natural, scenic and cultural resources
  • Can reduce storm drainage, infrastructure costs
  • Reduces impervious surface
  • Open space provides options for riparian, wetland, and storm water protection
  • Provides opportunity to restore/enhance vegetation
examples of conservation development
Examples of Conservation Development
  • 12 municipalities and 21 townships in Northeast Ohio alone, including:
  • Aurora City
  • Hudson City
  • Hiram Village and Township
  • Pittsfield Township
  • …..
summary recommendations for subdivision design
Summary: Recommendations for Subdivision Design
  • For sites greater than 20-25 acres, adopt Conservation Development
  • By-right, streamlined review
  • Quality open space, permanently protected
  • Appropriate density, moderate bonuses
  • Dovetail with resource protection: stream setbacks, woodland protection, floodplain protection; priorities
  • Include incentives
  • Summit County: supports conservation development

- incentives: reduced road requirements

- similar development process

- open space is defined

  • Coventry Township: no real places to apply
  • City of Norton: does have areas where CD could apply
recommendations common access drives
RECOMMENDATIONS: Common Access Drives
  • Up to 5 lots on one common drive
  • Requires management agreement
  • Provides access management benefits
  • Reduced pavement
  • Retains frontage
  • Summit County: permits common access drives, discourages flag lots
  • Coventry Township: n/a – typically a county issue
  • Norton: RU-1 district might be a good place to implement (larger lots)
recommendations compact development
RECOMMENDATIONS: Compact Development
  • Residential, commercial or mixed use
  • Strong neighborhood design
  • Pedestrian walkability
  • Range of housing choices
  • Range of transportation choices
  • Development or redevelopment
benefits of compact development
Benefits of Compact Development
  • Provides diverse set of housing/commercial products for diverse buyer markets
  • Helps to revitalize small towns and existing neighborhoods
  • Fits well into new “lifestyle center” projects
  • Provides an exciting civic environment, enhancing community character
  • When implemented across a watershed, will improve overall runoff characteristics of the watershed
cottage development
Cottage Development
  • Applies to small sites, 1-5 acres
  • Focus on small homes, 1000 sf
  • Good design,
  • Central greenspace, room for storm water LID
  • One parcel or separate parcels
  • Infill or redevelopment
  • Kansas City, northwest US
examples of compact development
Examples of Compact Development
  • City of Hudson: First and Main
  • City of Shaker Heights: Lee/Chagrin
  • City of Cleveland
  • Cleveland Heights
  • Your town center!
summary recommendations for compact development
Summary: Recommendations for Compact Development
  • Implement for new, redevelopment
  • Density 6 to 8 units per acre
  • Use design guidelines
  • Mix uses/housing types
  • Consider cottage development for small infill sites
  • Summit County: n/a
  • Coventry Township: could consider cottage development (needs infrastructure)
  • Norton: Compact development would be appropriate

– cluster district, max. 10 units per acre, might be useful

- IT district allows mixed uses

- may want to broaden allowable commercial uses to assist revitalization in neighborhoods

recommendations stream and wetland setbacks
RECOMMENDATIONS: Stream And Wetland Setbacks
  • Zoning setback similar to front and side yards
  • Improves storm drainage infrastructure function of creeks and waterways
  • Width determined by drainage area of the sub watershed, or wetland category
  • Typical setback provisions apply (variances, grandfathering, enforcement)
  • Floodplain regs also matter
benefits of riparian and wetland setbacks
Benefits of Riparian and Wetland Setbacks
  • Provide free storm water and flood protection infrastructure
  • Filter and settle out pollutants
  • Reduce capital and maintenance costs
  • Work better than constructed solutions
  • Enhance design quality of development
examples of riparian setbacks in communities
Examples of Riparian Setbacks in Communities
  • 49 communities and 4 counties have adopted setback regulations in NE Ohio
  • Data pending in rest of Basin
  • Auburn Township, 25 to 120 feet
  • City of Independence, 25 to 300 feet
  • City of Aurora, 25 to 120 feet
  • City of Green, 25 to 300 feet
  • Lake County, 25 to 120 feet
  • Summit County: Riparian Setbacks
    • suitability for development regulation re: floodplain
  • Coventry Township: Riparian Setback regulation
  • Norton: Riparian Setback regulation
  • All include wetlands
  • County, city could consider floodplain regulation alignment
recommendations woodland protection
RECOMMENDATIONS:Woodland Protection
  • Filter and manage storm water
  • Reduce erosion
  • Protect steep slopes, wetlands and riparian areas
  • Critical to scenic site character
  • Enhance property values
summary woodland protection
Summary: Woodland Protection
  • Adopt woodland protection code
  • Address both pre-design and design phases
  • Address construction and monitoring
  • Summit County: n/a
  • Coventry Township: n/a
  • Norton: may want to consider
recommendations steep slope protection
RECOMMENDATIONS: Steep Slope Protection
  • Generally protect steeply sloping areas, most often along stream and riparian corridors
  • Provides for riparian area protection, reduces erosion, and helps with flood control
  • Do engineering study to identify vulnerable slopes and areas
  • Require special construction conditions per study
  • Expand stream setbacks to accommodate steep slopes
  • Summit County: development suitability restrictions
  • Coventry Township: n/a?
  • Norton: steep slopes are within riparian protected areas
recommendations natural areas establishment
RECOMMENDATIONS: Natural Areas Establishment
  • Allowing natural areas instead of horticultural lawns, especially in larger open space areas, helps to reduce surface water flows, filter storm water, and enhance the community environment
  • Controls are needed to ensure landscape quality
summary natural areas establishment
Summary: Natural Areas Establishment
  • Exempt natural areas from mowing ordinances
  • Permit meadows, succession, young woodland, wetlands
  • Provide an expert
  • Perhaps provide a review body
  • Provide community with authority to remedy problems
  • Address education
  • Summit County: n/a
  • Coventry Township: n/a?
  • Norton City: consider for larger areas
best local land use practices resources available
Best Local Land Use Practices – Resources Available
  • Web site www.balancedgrowth.ohio.gov
  • Best Local Land Use Practices document – issues, guidance, recommendations
  • Example regulations
  • Ongoing technical assistance

Gail Hesse

Executive Director

Sandra Kosek-Sills

Environmental Specialist





Kirby Date, AICP

Best Local Land Use Practices

Program Manager