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The Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution

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The Mexican Revolution

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Construction of the post-revolutionary state (1920-38): Obregón, Calles and the Maximato; challenges; assessment of their impact in the post-revolutionary state Lázaro Cárdenas and the renewal of the revolution (1939-40): aims, methods and achievements The Mexican Revolution

  2. Álvaro Obregón - 1 • Northern capitalistic business mind -> Mexican National capitalism • Government is NOT revolutionary.

  3. Obregon - 2 • Land Reform • Some land to Pueblos • 3 million acres to peasants • No training/supplies • Church slows land reform

  4. Obregon - 3 • Workers • “Confederacion Regional Obrero Mexicana” (CROM) • Not radical – does little

  5. Obregon - 4 • Native Peoples • Manuel Gamio: Gov’t Office of Anthropology • Native Art -> national identity • Education • Catholic Church denounces government education.

  6. Obregon - 5 • US Relations • Withhold recognition for 3yrs. • Bucareli Agreement • US supplies Obregon during revolt. • Albert B. Fall – US Ambassador ->

  7. Plutarco Elías Calles - 6 • School Teacher • Pres: Nov 30, 1924 • Economics • Mexican National Capitalism • Bank of Mexico • Develop Industry • Article 27 clarified - 1925

  8. Calles - 7 • Land Reform • To prevent uprising • 6 million acres • No support • Scrapped • The Church • Disavows constitution • The Calles Law • Cristero Movement

  9. Calles and the Maximato - 8 • Politics • 1929 Great Depression • Extend Presidential Term • Establish plan for Maximato • National Revolutionary Party: “Revolutionary Family” • Emilio Portes Gil (interim) • Pascual Ortiz Rubio 1929-1932 • Abelardo Rodriguez 1932-1934 • Lazaro Cardenas 1934-1940

  10. Lázaro Cárdenas - 9 • Land Reform • 45 million Acres to 12,000 villages • Some farm aid • Rancho • Cooperative Farming

  11. Cardenas - 10 • Labor Reforms • 1935 - 643 strikes • Party of Mexcian Revolution • Confederacion de Trabajadores Mexicanos

  12. Cardenas - 11 • Economic Reforms • Favors Mexican Industry • Nacional Financiera • 1937 Oil Dispute

  13. Cardenas • Return to Conservativism • Avila Camacho – 1940 election