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Europe. Europe is the second-smallest continent; only bigger than Australia Third-most populous continent with ~733 million people Contains 50 independent countries. “Peninsula of peninsulas”. Some see Europe as a peninsula of the Eurasian continent

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Europe
Europe

Europe is the second-smallest continent; only bigger than Australia

Third-most populous continent with ~733 million people

Contains 50 independent countries


Peninsula of peninsulas
“Peninsula of peninsulas”

  • Some see Europe as a peninsula of the Eurasian continent

    • Peninsula: A piece of land bordered by water on three sides

  • Contains many smaller peninsulas, such as:

    • Balkan

    • Italian

    • Iberian

    • Scandinavian


Europe s lowlands
Europe’s lowlands

  • Much of Europe is made up of grassland and forests

    • Only real desert areas are in Spain

  • Very fertile land for farming

  • Western Europe is made of hilly grasslands and mountains

  • Europe’s great plains are concentrated in the east


Europe s rivers
Europe’s Rivers

  • Unlike China and India, Europe was NOT one of the early river civilizations

  • However, Europe’s rivers were vital to Europe’s growth

    • Provided transportation, farmland, and trade routes

  • Europe’s longest rivers are the Volga and the Danube


Europe s mountains
Europe’s mountains

  • Europe has several ranges of Mountains

    • Alps (Northen Italy)

    • Caucasus (Southern Russia)

    • Pyrenees (Northern Spain)

    • Ural (Central Russia)

  • Europe’s mountains are smaller than those of Asia

    • Mt. Elbrus is Europe’s tallest mountain at 18,510 ft

  • Have still served as barriers to travel