Epic and Myth. Epic-a long narrative poem , written in dignified style , that celebrates the adventures and achievements of one or more heroic figures. Elements of Epics/Myths.
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Epic and Myth • Epic-a long narrative poem, written in dignified style, that celebrates the adventures and achievementsof one or more heroic figures.
Elements of Epics/Myths • Epic Hero—the central character in the epic who is driven by his desire to save his country/people during a time of crisis. • Archetypes: A character, image, or pattern of events that appear repeatedly.
Characteristic of EPICS • Written in the style of a long poem. • Language is formal, lofty. • Mood is serious. • Protagonist undergoes manyadventures • Gods and monsters intervene in action • Poet uses extended similes, called epic similes or homeric similes • Poem begins in the middle of the action (known as in medias res)
Epic Plot • Epic plot involves the following: • Distant Journeys • Supernatural Events • Life and Death struggles between good and evil. • Epics begin with an invocation (prayer) that is given by the muse (one of Zeus’s 9 daughters).
Epic Hero • Characteristics of an epic hero: • Possesses unusual strength • Courageous • Cunning Does have a weapon of choice that can only be used by the hero—Odysseus’s weapon is his BOW.
Structure of the Epic • The speaker tells a story • The action included extraordinary or superhuman deeds. • The hero embarks on a long journey. • Includes speeches by principal characters. • The use of figurative language makes the narrative vivid and exciting.
Myth • Myth—a traditional story with no known author. • Most myths are about: • Creation of earth • Love • Adventure, trickery, or revenge
Reading Epics/Myths • Many myths began as oral traditions (sung aloud by rhapsodies who travelled). • Usually give insight to human nature. • Explore a range of human emotions: anger, love, jealousy, rage, and vengeance. • Are timeless because they have characteristics of a good story: imaginative, interesting, inspiring, and authentic.
Homer and the Epic • Homer’s most famous compositions are the Iliad (story of the 10 year war) and the Odyssey(story of a long journey). • Homer was a blind minstrel who would travel and tell of these stories. • Greeks in the Odyssey are referred to as Acheans.
Universal Themes • The importance of heroism • The strength of loyalty • The power of love. • The dangers of greed.
Terms to know • Epithets-any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality (wily Odysseus) • Epic Simile- Extended comparison using “like” or “as” • Irony (verbal and dramatic)