Rhetorical Techniques. Also known as Oratorical Techniques. The Rhetorical Triangle. Ethos—appeals to speaker’s/writer’s character & credibility. Logos—appeals to logic. Pathos—appeals to emotions. Ethos.
Also known as Oratorical Techniques
Ethos—appeals to speaker’s/writer’s character & credibility
Logos—appeals to logic
Pathos—appeals to emotions
“Let tyrants fear. I have always so behaved myself that, under God, I have placed my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good-will of my subjects. And therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation or disport, but being resolved, in the midst and
heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all.”
- Queen Elizabeth I (1588) from a speech meant to encourage her troops to fight against the Spanish Armada
“Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of
chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”
- Patrick Henry (1775) from speech delivered to Second Virginia Convention
“You don’t expect me to go along with that crazy scheme, do you?
Concession and Rebuttal: acknowledging a point from the opposing side, then answering with a better point; demonstrates that the speaker has considered the other side of the argument (gives speaker more credibility)
A learning environment (the classroom) needs to be free from distraction so students can focus their concentration on the task at hand. Cell phones break that concentration and therefore should be banned from school altogether. Those against my position will argue that the phone is an absolute necessity in case of an emergency. They are right - a phone is a vital communication tool in any stressful situation. Our school, therefore, has several. One is located at the main-A floor reception desk, another at the attendance desk, one at the counseling desk as well as the library. If these are not enough, there are phones in every classroom as well as in all of the administrative and counseling offices – so, what’s the problem? A parent desperately needing to speak with a child can easily call the school. The message will immediately be delivered and the student can then make the call outside of the classroom, thus creating a minimal disturbance
Denotation: the actual dictionary definition of the word
Connotation: the emotional aspect of a word
Example from Richard Nixon’s 1952 speech
But just let me say this last word. Regardless of what happens, I am going to continue this fight. I am going to campaign up and down America until we drive the crooks and the communists and those that defend them out of Washington, and remember, folks, Eisenhower is a great man, and a vote for Eisenhower is a vote for what is good for America.